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  • 大学英语四级、六级考试
英语四、六级词汇相关
发表时间:2012-12-07 [打印文章]

 

一,四级,专升本写作常用100个替换词

1. think认为,思考的常用替换词如下:(下同)认为,主张:argue, maintain, hold, believe

考虑:take...into consideration, consider, ponder, meditate, contemplate, think over, reflect on/upon.

2. decide:断定,下结论,断定:come to the conclusion, arrive at the conclusion, draw the conclusion, conclude, judge, assert, wind up. 

3. get: 得到,获得:acquire, obtain, attain, reap 赢得,取得earn, gain, procure

4. support: 支持,支持,赞成:approve of, in favor of ,uphold, stand by one's side, agree with, give ones' assent.提倡:advocate, recommend

5. say no to: 反对,反对:oppose, object to, be against;抵制:resist, boycott

6. important: 重要的,意义深远的,重大的:far-reaching, profound, significant, eventful

重要的,有决定性的:key, essential, fundamental, crucial, decisive, vial, substantial. 

扮演一个重要角色:play an important part in ```

7. use: 使用,充分运用:optimize, make best/full use of 使用:employ, utilize应用:apply

8. glad, happy: 高兴的,高兴的,心情好的:be in a good mood, cheerful, joyful, joyous, pleased, delighted 

9. hard-working: 勤奋的,勤奋的,勤勉的:diligent, studious, industrious 

10. serious:认真的,认真的,谨慎的:conscientious, cautious

11. calm:平静的,冷静的,清醒的:sober, reasonable, sensible, rational

12. clever:聪明的,聪明的,有才智的:intelligent, bright, wise, brilliant, smart, ingenious

13. tired:累的,疲惫不堪的:exhausted, fatigued, run-down, worn-out, weary

14. be used to : 适应,适应:be adapted to, be accustomed to , be adjusted to 

15. stop:阻止,阻碍,阻止:hinder, curb, hamper, restrain, prevent, ward off, avoid

16. 好处:good side   坏处:bad side,好处,优点:advantage, merit, benefit

坏处,缺点:disadvantage, defect, flaw, drawback, deficiency

17. join:参加,参加:participate in , attend, take part in, go in for, engage in 

18. pay one's attention to:注意集中精力于,专心于:focus on, center on, concentrate on, set one's mind on, be lost in, be occupied in, be attentive on

19. depend on:依赖,依靠,依赖,依靠:rely on, lean on  

20. ability = capability 

21. aim = objective

22. always = invariably

23. ancient = archaic

24. angry = enraged

25. appear = emerge

26. arrest = detention

27. attack = assault

28. attractive =  fascinating

29. avoid = shun

30. bad = decayed

31. bear = tolerate

32. beautiful = elegant

33. best = optimal 

34. big = massive

35. blame = condemn 

36. boring = tedious

37. brave = bold 

38. brief = concise

39. build = construct 

40. busy = occupied 

41. buy = purchase 

42. careful = cautious

43. catch = capture 

44. change = convert 

45. clean = purified 

46. clever = intelligent 

47. cold = chilly 

48. common = universal 

49. danger = peril 

50. dangerous = hazardous 

51. difficult = burdensome 

52. difficulty = challenge 

53. dislike = disgust 

54. enlarge = magnify 

55. expensive = costly 

56. fair = impartial 

57. fame = prestige 

58. famous = distinguished 

59. field = domain 

60. force = compel 

61. forever = perpetual 

62. form = constitute 

63. free = liberal 

64. good = beneficial 

65. greatly = increasingly 

66. hot = boiling 

67. lonely = solitary 

68. method = approach 

69. near = adjacent 

70. nowadays = currently 

71. obey = comply with 

72. obvious = apparent 

73. only = unique 

74. opinion = standpoint 

75. part = component 

76. partner = associate 

77. poor = pathetic 

78. possible = feasible 

79. problem = issue 

80. quite = fairly 

81. rapid = swift 

82. result = consequence 

83. rich = abundant 

84. ruin = devastate 

85. run = chase 

86. sharp = acute 

87. short = deficient 

88. show = demonstrate 

89. so = consequently 

90. stop = cease 

91. strange = weird 

92. top = peak 

93. ugly = hideous 

94. use = utilize 

95. vague = obscure 

96. wet = humid 

97. whole = entire

98. wrong = erroneous 

99. smelly = unpleasant 

100. surprise = startle 

二,英语四六级734条高频词组笔记

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。 

2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在 

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed i  n 全神贯注于…近be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on  ; be focused on ; be centered on  

5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 

7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,  

8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主 动地 

9. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同….不一致 

10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 

11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 

12. on one’s own account  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.  

13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 

14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)  

15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.  

16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.  

17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)  

18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.  

20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially  ) 熟悉 

21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 

22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 

23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)  

24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 

27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 

28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;  

29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.  

30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.  

31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.  

32. have an advantage over 胜过.  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事 

33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.  

34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 

35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 

36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.  

37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.  

38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.  

39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 

40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.  

41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 .  

42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.  

43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.  

44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.  

45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for  

46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 

47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 

48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.  

49. apply to 与…有关;适用 

50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 

51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.  

52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做…  

53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);  

54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…  为羞耻 

55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.  

56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结 

57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…  

58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 

59. attitude to toward …对…的态度.看法 

60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果 

61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 

62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.  

63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 

64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.  

65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one ’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台 

66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 

67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)  

68. be based on  upon 基于 

69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 

70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢 

71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)  

72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 

73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.  

74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.  

75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)  

76. for the better 好转 

77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.  

78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 

79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 

80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)  

81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 

82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 

83. out of breath 喘不过气来 

84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 

85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 

86. take the floor 起立发言 

87. on business 出差办事.  

88. be busy with sth.于某事 。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 

89. last but one 倒数第二.  

90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 

91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买 

92. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的 

93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost  , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 

94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;  

95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 

96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)  

97. be cautious of 谨防 

98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 

99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.  

100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 

101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 

102. for a change换换环境(花样等)  

103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…  

104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)  in the charge of …由…管 

105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)  

106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…  

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地 

108. comment on 评论 

109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee  把某事交给委员会讨论 

110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.  be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的 

111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.  

112. compare…with … 把…与…比较 

113. compare…to… 把…比作…  

114. by comparison 比较起来 

115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来 

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate  sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补 

117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)  

118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从 

119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想 

120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心 

121. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关 

122. concern oneself about  with 关心 

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束时;  

124. condemn sb. to 判决 

125. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然 for all that = although 尽管 

126. in  out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit  not fit) 健康状况好不好. in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态 

127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行.  

128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖 

129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 对…有信心 

130. confidence in sb.  sth. 对…的信赖 

131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的 

132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内 

133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)  

134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with照…办; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to按..做 

135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临 

136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺 

137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,  

138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道 

139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意 

140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果 

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果 

142. under consideration 在考虑中 

143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于 

144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不 

145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去 

146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的 

147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致 

148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的 ,  

149. consult sb. on about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教 

150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快 

151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事 

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反 

153. on the contrary 相反 

154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)  

155. in contrast towith 和…形成对比by contrast 对比之下 

156. contribute to 有助于 

157. under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制 

158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点.be convenient to  for 对…方便 

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)  使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…  

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理 

161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round  the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境 

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信 

163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致 

164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of 以…为代价 

165. a matter of course 理所当然的事 

166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地 

167. in (during) the course 在…过程中 

168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候 

169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣 

170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的 

171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病 

172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险 

173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止 

174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)  

175. deal with (=concern) 论及 

176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债 

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加 

178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴 to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;  

179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐 

180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐 

181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西 

182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时 

183. be dependent on 依靠 

184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物 

185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于 

186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望 

187. in despair 绝望 

188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管 

189. in detail 详细地 

190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办 

191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食 

192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…  

193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,  

194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除 

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;  in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪 

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列 

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉 

198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议 

199. in dispute 在争议中 

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出 

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同 

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别 

203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开 

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 

205. have…to do with 与…有关系 

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地 

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 

208. be due to 是由于 

209. come off duty 下班 

210. go on duty 上班 

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时 

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做)  

213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望 

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱 

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力 

216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话 

217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然 

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力 

219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束 

220. put sb. at his  her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束 

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省 

222. have an effect on 对…有影响 

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效 

224. go into effect 生效. ( 近come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)  

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上 

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效 

227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果 

228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效 

229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…  

230. to that effect 是那个意思的…  

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)  

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上 

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲 

234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事 

235. on end (=continuously) 连续地 

236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了 

237. no end of (=very manymuch) 很多,大量 

238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终 

239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽 

240. end up with 以…而结束 

241. come to and end (=finish) 结束 

242. end in 以…为结束 

243. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事 

244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加 

245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等) 

246. enter on upon (=begin) 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等) 

247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… 

248. be equal to 等于 

249. be feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地 

250. be equipped with 装备有,装有 

251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于 

252. in essence (=in itsone’s nature) 本质上 

253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何 

254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样 

255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but 连用) 

256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时 

257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有.. 

258. except (=but) 除了。 

259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外 

260. (an) exception to …的例外 

261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外 

262. in excess of (=more than) 超过 

263. exchange…for 以…交换 

264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括 

265. in excuse of 作为…的借口 

266. exert…on… 对…施加… 

267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲 

268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; come into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花; 

269. (be) in existence存在come into existence 出现 

270. expect…of 在…期望… 

271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲 

272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险) 

273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到…. 

274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的 

275. give expression to 表达, 表现find expression in 表现 

276. to …extent 在…程度上 

277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其 

278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人) 

279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见 

280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中 

281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间 

282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视 

283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里 

284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来 

285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况) 

286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向 

287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败 

288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地 

289. keep faith with 对…守信用 

290. lose faith in 对…失去信心 

291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地 

292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚 

293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯 

294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于 

295. familiar with 熟悉,了解 

296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要 

297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢 

298. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用) 

299. far from 远远不是 

300. far from 非但不…(而且) 

301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行 

302. after the fashion (of) 依照… 

303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵 

304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错 

305. in favour of 赞成 

306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱; 

out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠 

307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利 

308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的 

309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心 

310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕 

311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心 

312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养 

313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了 

314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要 

315. fill in 填写 

316. fill out ( =fill in )填写 

317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就 

318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事 

319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火 

320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见 

321. for the first time 第一次(作状语) 

322. in the first place 首先, 第一 

323. fit into 刚好放入 

324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致 

325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合 

326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上focus sth. on 把…集中在…上 

327. be fond of 喜欢 

328. (be) in force 有效, 实施 

329. go into force 开始生效 

330. by force 靠武力, 强行 

331. force…on 把…强加给… 

332. in the form of 以…形式 

333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气 

334. free of charge 免费 

335. be freed from 免受, 没有… 

336. in front of 在…前面in the front of 在…前部 

337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供 

338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常 

339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一 眼(强调动作) 

340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好 

341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等) 

342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地 

343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 把…认为理所当然的. 

344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人 

345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于… 

346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空 

347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕(be) on guard 站岗 

348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止guard…against 警卫…防止 

349. guess at 猜, 估计 

350. by guess 靠猜 

351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失 

352. be in the habit of 习惯于 

353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯) 

354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯) 

355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯 

356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住 

357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近) 

358. by hand 用手工(做) 

359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作 

360. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住 

361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责 

362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃 

363. at the head of 在…的前头 

364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进 

365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过 

366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上 

367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上 

368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵) 

369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地 

370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意 

371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做 

372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday 

373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束 ,熟悉 

374. be honest in诚实 

375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念 

376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保 

377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有 

378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是 

379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地 

380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同 

381. be identified with 被视为与…等同 

382. in ignorance of 不知道… 

383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道 

384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响 

385. impose…on 把…强加给 

386. impress…on 给…留下印象 

387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象 

388.under the impression that有..的印象,认为 

389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好 

390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些 

391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转 

392. include…in 把…列在…里面 

393. inclusive of 把…包括在内 

394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的 

395. indicative of 表明, 说明 

396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎 

397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to比… 好 

398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉 

399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的 

400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要 (大学生励志网

401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是… 

402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人… 

403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证 

404. insure…against 保险…以防 

405. intend…for 打算把…给 

406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决 

407. in the interests of 符合…的利益be interested in 对…感兴趣 

408. interfere in干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰 

409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离 

410. intervene in 干预 

411. invest in 投资 

412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加 

413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己 

414. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然 

415. be jealous of 妒忌 

416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受, 

417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责 

418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低. 

419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望 

420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视 

421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人 

422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知 

423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上at large(=at full length; with details)详细地 

424. lean against (背)靠着… 

425. at least 至少; at most 至多 

426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不) 

427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候 

428. lend itselfthemselves to适合于(某用途) 

429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地 

430. go to any length想一切办法, 尽一切力量 

431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚) 

432. be liable for 对…应负责任的 

433. lie in 在于 

434. in life 一生中 

435. for life 终身 

436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据 

437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明 

438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致 

439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到 

440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中) 

441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后. 

442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说) 

443. (be) at a loss 不知所措 

444.major in 主修(某课程) 

445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是 

446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切. (=certainly) 当然行;by means of用…; by no means 完全不, 决不 

447. on memory of 为纪念… 

448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中 

449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事 

450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下 

451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱 

452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记 

453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起 

454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地 

455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在for the moment (=for the time being)暂时just a moment 稍等片刻at the last moment 在最后一刻 

456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做. 

457. no more…than 和…一样都不… 

458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说 

459. at (the) most 最多, 至多 

460. make the most of 充分利用 

461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的… be something of 有点…,像… 

462. name after 用…的名字命名 

463. native to 所产的 

464. by nature 天生的, 生来 

465. in mature 本质上 

466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质 

467. none other that 不是别人,正是… 

468. above normal 高于正常(温度) 

469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费 

470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已 

471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说… 

472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备 

473. until further notice 在另行通知前 

474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意 

475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对 

476. objection to (接动名词) 反对 

477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时 

478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于 

479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事) 

480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到… 

481. once and for all =once and forever永远地all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔(just) for once 就这一次 

482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助) 

483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术operation n. come go into operation开始运转putbring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转 

484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法 

485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法 

486. be opposed to… 反对… 

487. be opposite to 与…相反的 

488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障 

489. made to order 定做的(衣服) 

490. originate infrom(=begin)起源于,由..引起 

491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊 

492. owe…to 把…归于… 

493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独 

494. of one’s own某人自己的 

495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进 

496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力 

497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉 

498. participate in (=take part in)参加 

499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿) 

500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其 

501. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情 

502. be patient with 对…耐心 

503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚 

504. pay…for 付…的钱 

505. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安 

506. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的 

507. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金 

508. perform on the piano(=play the piano) 演奏钢琴 

509. persist in 坚持,固执 

510. in person 亲自, 当面 

511. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方 

512. in place of (=instead of) 代替 

513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事 

514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做 

515. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要 

516. come to the point 谈主要问题 

517. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事 

518. to the point 中肯, 切题 

519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明 

520. popular withamong大众所喜爱的,拥戴 

521. in the position of 处在…位置上 

522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语) 

523. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练 

524. bring(put)…into practice使…成为现实 

525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢 

526. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭prepare breakfast 作早饭 

527. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下 

528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at present 现在,此刻 

529. preside over at 主持(会议,业务等) 

530. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜 

531. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做 

532. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前 

533. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪 

534. pride oneself on upon 以…自豪 

535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上 

536. prior to (=before) 在…之前 

537. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地in public 公开地 

538. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生) 

539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行 

540. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中 

541. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止 

542. in proportion to 与…成比例 

543. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受 

544. be proud of 为…自豪 

545. provide for 为…做准备 

546. in public 公开地, 当众 

547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意 

548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的 

549. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格be qualified for 在某种职业上合格 

550. call…in question 对…表示怀疑 

551. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问 

552. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的 

553. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的; 

554. without question 毫无疑问 

555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了 

556. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地 

557. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括 

558. range between 范围在..与..之间不等 

559. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之 

560. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解) 

561. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,能拿到 

562. react to 对…作出反应 

563. react on upon 对…产生影响 

564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应 

565. (be) ready for 准备好做… 

566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上 

567. beyond all reason 没有道理的 

568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为 

569. it stands to reason that …理所当然 

570. reason with (=argue) 劝说 

571. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字(be) get out of red 不再亏损 

572. refer to…as 把…称做… 

573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交 

574.within reference to(=concerning, about)关于 

575. within regard to (=concerning)有关,关于 

576. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候 

577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of) 不顾,不考虑 

578. inwith relation to 关于, 有关 

579. relevant to 与…有关的 

580. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是 

581. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退 

582. rely on 依靠, 信赖 

583. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论 

584. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物 

585. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起 

586. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中 

587. reply to 答复, 回答 

588.beyond reproach不受责备的;beyond(all) reason毫无道理;beyond question毫无疑 问;beyond belief以相信;beyond hope绝望 

589. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于… resort to force 诉诸于武力 

590. inwith respect to (=concerning)有关,关于 

591. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效 

592. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应 

593. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因 

594. rest onupon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托 

595. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠 

596. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不.. 

597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于.. 

598. result in (=cause) 导致 

599. with the result that 其结果是 

600. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for) 

601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去 

602.be in the right正确的;in the wrong错误的 

603. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做) 

604. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致 

605. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险 

606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)的风险 

607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate) 排除 

608. in safety 安全地 

609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of ) 为了…起见 

610. be for sale 待售 

611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市 

612. be satisfied with 满意 

613. on a large scale 大规模地 

614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule提前; in advance预先;behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间 

615. be schedule for 定在某时(进行) 

616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过 

617. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始 (大学生励志网

618. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of为…的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持… 

619. in season 旺季 

620. in secret 秘密地; in private 私下 

621. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻; superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差 

622. in a sense 在某种意义上 

623. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational耸人听闻的 

624. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序 

625. share in (=have a share in) 分摊, 分担 

626. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用 

627. be shocked at by 对…感到震惊 

628. fall short of 达不到 

629. go short of (=be without enough of) 缺乏 

630. for short (in a short form) 为简便,简称 

631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称 

632. in short supply 供应不足 

633. be short of (=lacking enough)缺乏,不够 

634. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思 

635. at the side of 与…相比 

636. take the side of 站在…一边 

637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见 

638. at the sight of 一看见… 

639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible) 看得见out of sight 看不见 

640. know sb. by sight 与…只面熟 

641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地 

642. smell of 有…的气味 

643. be sorry aboutfor 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的 

644. speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话 

645. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻 

646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管 

647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或(=at once) 立即 

648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对take a stand for 采取某种立场支持… 

649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着 

650. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐 

651. stick sth. on 把…贴在…上 

652. stick to 粘着, 坚持 

653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work 坚持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书 

654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)坚持; stick to one’s promise 比喻食言stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友 

655. in stock 有….货 

656. be strict with 对…严格要求 

657. bego on strike 罢工 

658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到subject (adj.) to 易受到…的 

659. submit…to 提交 

660. substitute…for 以…代替… 

661. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛 

662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适…的 

663. in sum 大体上, 总之 

664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物 

665. superior to 优于…, 比…好 

666. in support of 以便支持 

667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)确信的 

668. for sure certain (certainly, definitely) 肯定地.有把握地说 

669. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实 

670. be surprised at对..惊奇;take…by surprise使…惊奇; to one’s surprise使某人惊奇 

671. suspect sb. of 疑心某犯有… 

672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心 

673. by sympathetic totowards对…同情,赞同 

674. sympathize with sb. or sth. 对…表示同情 

675. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情 

676. taste of 有…味道 

677. in good taste大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste 

678. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意 

679. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出 

680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面 

681. be on goodbad terms with 关系好(不好) 

682. thank sb. for sth. 因…感谢某人 

683. think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起 

684. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后 

685. be through with (=finish with) 做好,完成 

686. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经 

687. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代 

behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点 

688. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时 

689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时 

on time (=punctually) 准时 

690. at no time 无论何时也不… in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上 

691. at times (=occasionally) 间或, 时常at all times (=always) 始终, 总是 

692. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时 

693. on top of 在…上面 

694. in total (=all have been added up) 总计 

695. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触 

696. be true of适合于…的;be true to 忠于… 

697. to trust …to 把…委托给 

698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖 

699. in truth 事实上, 实在 

700. by turns 轮换地 

701. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次 

702. be typical of 是…的特点 

703. for use 以便使用 

704. be in use (=be used)被使用; be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使用 

705. be used to+名词或动名词 习惯于used to+动词原形 过去常常(做) 

706. be unprepared for 对…无准备的 

707. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳 

708. be valid for 对…有效的 

709. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约 

710. with a view to +动名词(=in order to do sth.) 以…为目的 

711. in view (=in sight) 看得见 

712. in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意思 

713. byin virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力量 

714. a warning against 告诫…不要a warning of 警告…存在… 

715. (be) on the watch for不断监视看有没有.. 

(be) on the watch against不断监视为防范… 

716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍 

717. (be)under way (=moving forward)正进行 

718. by way of (=by going through) 经由,取道 

719. by the way(=in addition)顺带地(转移话题) 

720. in no way 无论怎样也不… 

721. in the way 对…方式 

722. in a way 从某种程度上说 

723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论 

724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说 

725. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地 

726. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物 

727. “with+名词+分词” 构成复合结构,作状语 

728. word for word (=literally) 逐字地 

729. in a word总之;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; have words with sb.争吵;have the last word有决定权; keep one’s word 遵守诺言 

730. work out ideas 出主意;work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;work out a 

problem解决问题;work out a puzzle解谜 

731. at the thought of一想到…worry about担心 

732. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下 

733. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从 

734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上, 配得上 

 

三、英语四六级考试作文模版

1)先背3个句子

1 Nowadays with the rapid development of advanced ……., more and more…..  are commonly and widely used in everyday life.(讲重要性)

2 The popularity of digital …will have great influence on our work, study and everyday life. On the one hand …,  But on the other hand.(讲影响)

3To conclude,  …..are just like a double-edged sword. With them we may have less trouble dealing with problems in life and enjoy a better-off life. However, one point should be kept in mind that we should take sensible use of them , always being the master of them.(结尾段)

Ps:灵活运用第1句和第2句,根据不同模板自由组合。

2)模板(2个模板)

1 开头段:先讲重要性,然后转讲不好的地方。
  中间段:措施
  结尾段:先来个小转折再进入总结

开头段Nowadays with the rapid development of advanced ……., more and more…..  are commonly and widely used in everyday life. However, what worries most of us is that……
中间段Firstly….Secondly…..Lastly but in no means least……
结尾段To conclude,  …..are just like a double-edged sword. With them we may have less trouble dealing with problems in life and enjoy a better-off life. However, one point should be kept in mind that we should take sensible use of them , always being the master of them.

2 开头段:先讲重要性,然后转讲争论
  中间段:转折(即列出两种不同人的观点)
  结尾段:直接进入总结(即你的观点)

开头段:It is accepted that …. Plays a significant part for both …, and what’s more , a lot of attention is being drawn to the change of….. However, whether … deserves such an attention , people’s ideas vary.
中间段:On the one hand, some people hold the view that …..
        On the other hand, a great many people insist that….
结尾段:From my perspective, however…. (你的观点) . Therefore, it’s time that (措施之类的)



4、6级作文万能句子(补充在”…..”里面的万能句子,自己琢磨每个句子放在哪里比较适合)
重点背:1)5)6)7)句子,最好全部都被过一遍,自己琢磨怎么用。
1)Sth will make our life more enjoyable, that is to say, sth can add color to the dull routine of every day life. 。。。能让我们的生活更美好,也就是说,。。。可以给我们枯燥的生活带来色彩

2)For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment 对于很多人来说,学习一门新技术占据了他们的生活和充实了他们的生活。

3)。。。。。, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time for boredom. 。。。占据了某人大部分时间,使得某人没空想东想西(充实了某人生活)

4)What's more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work. 住校为学生省去了不少时间,这样学生可以把更多的时间用在学习上 

5)Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. 
  一点一滴,这样做可以丰富我们的知识和拓宽我们的视野
6)For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.对于想过一种有意义的人来说,抽空学习一门新技术很重要

7)The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.兼职可以让学生们学习个人技巧,这样可以在找工作时更有竞争力

8)By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.学生不仅可以提高学习成绩,还可以获得在课本上学不到的工作经验

9)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.

10)1Sth can produce positive effects on …in more than one way.什么东西可带来好影响
2Sth may bring about negative impacts on …什么东西可带来不好的影响

四、大学英语四六级词汇超强记忆法则

1. able adj. 能够;有能力的,能干的
  【示例1】明天他能来。He will be able to come tomorrow.
  【示例2】约翰史密斯的确是位能干的工程师。John Smith is really an able engineer.
  【示例3】由于他病了,他不能来了。He is not able // unable to come since he is ill.
  【比较】be able to和can:can只有现在时和过去时(could)两种形式,没有完成时和将来时,在shall, will, have等后面要用be able to;can不能和be able to连用;can表示客观上具有的能力,但不一定去做,而be able to表示人通过努力或各种手段可以达到的能力;在过去时中,could表示具有能力,但不一定做了,而was/were able to则表示成功地做了。
  【示例4】我们将能够按时到达那里。We shall be able to get there on time.
  【示例5】我没能找到丢失的钢笔。I haven’t been able to find my missing pen.
  【示例6】他能够从火里逃脱出来,但是他没能逃出来。He could escape from the fire, but he wasn’t able to.
  【示例7】He was ill, but he was still able to get a high mark in the test.他虽然病了,但还是能在考试中得高分。
  2. about prep. 关于;在…附近,在…周围;adv. 大约;在四处,在周围
  【示例1】告诉我一些关于你英语学习的情况。Tell me something about your English study.
  【示例2】老人住在这附近某个地方。The old man lives somewhere about here.
  【示例3】我们要在房子四周种树。We will plant trees about the house.
  【示例4】继续搜查这个地方,他一定就在附近。Keep on searching this place. He must be somewhere about.
  【示例5】最后我们发现需要大约200本书。At last we find that we need about 200 books.
  【示例6】让我们四处走走,好吗?Let’s walk about, shall we?
  【词组与短语】be about to即将;How about…? What about…?…怎么样?
  【示例7】我们正要走,突然天下起雨来了。We were about to go when it suddenly rained.
  【示例8】陪我出去散散步怎么样?How/What about going out for a walk with me?
  【示例9】我吃过午饭了,你呢?I’ve had my lunch. How/What about you?
  3. above adj. 上面的;prep. 在…上面;超出
  【示例1】他就住在楼上的房间里。He just lives in the room above.
  【示例2】这只鸟能飞得比云彩还高。This bird can fly above the cloud.
  【示例3】天气预报说,今天得气温在零度以上。The weather report said the temperature was above 0℃today.
  【词组与短语】above all最重要的
  【示例】最重要的是工作必须在九点以前由我们自己独立完成。Above all, the work must be finished before nine by ourselves.
  4. baby n. 婴儿,小宝宝(C)
  【示例】别弄出任何声音来。小宝宝在摇篮里睡着了。Don’t make any noise. The baby is sleeping in the cradle.
  5. back adj. 后面的,在后面的;adv. 向后;n. 背部,后背,后面(C)
  【示例1】房子里面有后门吗?Is there a back door in the house?
  【示例2】我们现在该回到学校了。We have to go back to our school now.
  【示例3】汤姆坐在教室的后面。Tom sits at the back of the classroom.
  6. backache n. 背痛(U)
  【示例】我后背疼得厉害。I have a bad backache.
  7. cabbage n. 卷心菜,洋白菜(C&U)
  【示例】西红柿,卷心菜,豌豆,你最喜欢什么?Which do you like (the) best, tomatoes, cabbages, or peas?
  【注意事项】tomato的复数加es,此外还有hero,potato;cabbage一般情况下是可数名词,但在作菜肴讲时,是不可数名词,切记!例如:请吃点洋白菜。Please have some cabbage.
  8. café n. 咖啡馆,小餐馆(快捷餐馆)(C)
  【示例】我们午饭通常是在附近的一家小餐馆里吃。We usually have our lunch at a nearby café.
  9. cake n. 蛋糕(C&U)
  【示例】我饿了,请给我带点蛋糕来。I’m hungry. Please bring me some cakes.
  【注意事项】同样道理:cake平时是可数名词,但具体指吃的时候就视作不可数名词了。例如:我买了三个蛋糕。I bought three cakes.再例如:请再多吃点蛋糕。Please have some more cake.
  10. daily adj. 每天的,日常的;adv. 每天,日常地;n. 日报(C)
  【示例1】在我们的日常生活中我们经常需要用英语。We often need to use English in our daily life.
  【示例2】她每天两次去那里。She goes there twice daily.
  【示例3】这条新闻刊登在所有的日报上。This news is in all the dailies.

五、补完初中,高中英语所有语法!

10来节课补完初中,高中英语所有语法!

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图片 三张幻灯片就将时态讲得非常全面深刻,把初一到高三的所有时态用一

节课讲得清清楚楚,且让学生滚瓜烂熟,运用自如,这是一个非常巨大的创

新,之所以能够实现是因为抓住了时态的本质。时态一共16种,传统教育学一

种就要花约5-10节课,学完要花100多节课,且要分为中学六年来学习,这是

一个极大的错误,因为口语中每一种时态都可能用到。而且老师把本来特别

简单的问题弄得很复杂,以至于学生学了还是云里雾里。我的方法一针见血,

直击本质。不但一节课深刻理解,而且还能灵活运用到口语中。敢问世界还有

谁能做到如此神奇效果。想了解是怎样实现的。请看日志《如何让学生在一节

课之内学完16种时态》,看了我是如何做到的也就非常相信了。
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不但承诺在10来节课补完,补好初中,高中英语所有语法知识,而且讲解细化

到了这种程度,实属非常罕见。


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一张幻灯片总结清楚冠词的主要用法,熟练掌握冠词只需5分钟不到。

 

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高中生普遍学不好虚拟语气,有的学了几年也没能弄清楚,可是到了我这儿,

只需两句话10分钟就讲得清清楚楚!!

 


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四级,专升本写作中你绝对会用到的词

一.英文写作中表示起承转合的词语

1.       表示“起”

At present  现在,当今     in the first place 首先,第一

Nowadays  现在           above all  最重要的是

Presently   现在;此刻     in general  一般来说

In recent years 近年来       generally speaking 一般地说

Recently/lately  最近        on the whole 总的来说

Currently   最近,目前     for one thing;;;(for another) 首先,其次

First(ly)第一               at first(最初)

On the one hand…(on the other hand) 一方面,另一方面

To begin/start with首先,第一  

The former…(the later)前者…(后者)

First of all 首先,第一

2.       表示“承”

Later 后来    such as 正如    then然后     for this purpose为了这个目的

Soon 不久    in other words 换句话说       after/after that/afterwards此后

At any rate无论如何                        incidentally顺便提一句

Also/too/as well又,也                      particularly特别地

At the same time同时                       in particular 特别(地)

By this time此时                           furthermore/moreover而且,此外

Certainly当然                             what is more而且,此外

Besides 此外                              in addition (to)此外

Second(ly)第二                          obviously明显地

Third(ly)第三                           in the same way同样地

For another 其次                           similarly同样地

The latter 后来                            following 接下来的

3.       表示“转”

However 然而            anyway无论如何       but但是        otherwise否则

Yet然而,但是           at the same time同时,然而              while 然而

In fact/indeed事实上       as a matter of fact事实上                instead 然而

Especially特别地          no doubt 无疑地                   regardless of 不管,不顾

Conversely相反地         nevertheless不过,仍然             in/by contrast对比之下

On the contrary 相反地     though/although尽管,虽然          otherwise否则

Even if/even though 即使   luckily/fortunately幸运地            despite/in spite of 尽管

Unfortunately 不幸地      after all 毕竟      

4.       表示“合”

As has been noted如前所述    to sum up 简而言之    as I have said 如我所述

To summarize简而言之       by and large 一般说来  all in all 总之

Consequently因此           in conclusion总之,最后

Hence因此                 at last最后

Therefore因此              eventually最后

Thus因此                  finally最后

As a consequence因此        on the whole 总体来说,整个看来

As a result 结果             to speak frankly坦白地说

Accordingly于是          to conclude总而言之

Briefly简单扼要地        no doubt毫无疑问

In brief简言之            undoubtedly无疑

In a word总之            surely无疑

In short简而言之          obviously显然

In sum 总之,简而言之    certainly当然地,无疑地

In summary简要地说      at length最后,终于

二.英文写作中逻辑关系词语 大学生励志网www.ggdxc.com

因果关系:because, account for, contribute to, so, since, as, therefore, because of , due to, thus, thereby, owing to, hence, thanks to, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result, lead to, as a result in/from, as a consequence, result, reason, be responsible for, for that/this reason

解释关系:namely, in other words, that is , which means/that means, that is to say, that implies

递进关系:even, furthermore, additionally, more importantly, in addition, what’s more, besides, even worse, moreover, what’s more

比较关系:equally, on the contrary, in comparison with, in contrast, in the same way, while, in contrast to, whereas, the same…as, as…as.

选择关系:or, not…but, alternatively, whether…or(not), rather than, neither…nor, instead of , either…or

列举或举例关系:as follows, including, a case in point, to illustrate, for example, let’s look at, for instance, take a look at, for another example, first/firstly(second/secondly),(Let’s)take…as an example    some…,other…, still other…

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大学英语四级考试流程-

 8:50---9:00试音时间-

  9:00---9:10播放考场指令,发放作文考卷-

  9:10取下耳机,开始作文考试-

  9:35发放含有快速阅读的试题册(但9:40才允许开始做)-

  9:40---9:55做快速阅读-

  9:55---10:00收答题卡一(即作文和快速阅读)-

  9:55---10:00重新戴上耳机,试音寻台,准备听力考试-

  10:00开始听力考试,电台开始放音-

  听力结束后完成剩余考项。-

  11:20全部考试结束。-

注释:-

1,标准分满分710分=听力248.5+阅读248.5+综合测试106.5+写作106.5。-

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2,从听力、阅读部分的换算表可以看出,错前两分的时候,标准分扣分严重,1分扣10.5分,错到第3分的时候,标准分扣分有所降低-7分,扣到10分以后,标准分扣分就更低(3分),可见,标准分换算目的是把同学的成绩档次拉开,让特别优秀的同学脱颖而出,要想总分取得630分以上,必须保证很高的正确率,卷面扣的前几分在标准分的权重相当大。这也就解释了为什么考630分以上的同学这么少!据换算,要考630分,阅读和听力部分卷面每部分扣分在3分左右。-

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3,综合测试的分数权重不大,卷面错1分在标准分中扣的分也相对较少,而且完型填空题量大,得分率不高,在考场上建议大家不要把完型填空耗费掉太多的时间,得不偿失!-

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4. 当你拿到成绩单,上面写着290,那么恭喜你,你的卷面成绩为0分。如果425+,就算顺利通过啦

 

单词篇:100个六级高频词,四级必考词

一、100个高频词汇。-

1 accelerate vt. (使)加速,增速-

【例】accelerate the rate of economic growth -

加速经济增长-

【派】acceleration n. 加速accelerating a.加速的-

2 account n. 账户、考虑-

【考】take sth. into account 把…考虑在内-

3 accustom vt.使习惯-

【考】be accustomed to -

4 adapt vi. 适应-

【考】adapt to…适应-

5 adjust vi.适应-

【考】adjust to...适应… -

6 advocate vt. 宣扬-

7 affluent a.富裕的-

【派】affluence n.富裕-

8 annoy vt.使烦恼, 使恼怒-

【派】annoying a. 令人恼人的; -

annoyance n. 烦恼; -

?annoyed a.颇为生气的-

9 ascribe vt.把…归咎于-

【考】ascribe..to 归因于-

10 assess vt.评估-

【派】assessment n. 评估-

11 assign vt.指派,选派;分配,布置(作业)-

【派】assignment 作业-

12 assume vt.假象、假定-

13 attain vt.获得-

【考】attain one's ideal 达到理想-

14 attribute vt. 把…归因于-

【考】attribute sth.? to 把...归咎于-

15 attribute vt.归咎于-

【考】be attributed to? attribute sth. to … -

16 automatically ad. 自动地-

17 boost vt.提高,推动,使增长n. 推动,增长-

【例】boost the economy 推动经济增长-

【派】booster n.支持者,推动器-

18 brilliant a.光辉的、辉煌的-

【派】brilliance n. -

19 collaborate vi.合作-

【考】collaborate with. sb. -

20 comprehensive a. 综合的-

【考】综合性大学-

21 conscious a. 有意识的-

【考】be conscious of sth. 对…有意识-

22 conserve vt.保存、节省-

【考】conserve energy 保护能源-

23 considerate a. 考虑周到的-

24 contribute vt.贡献-

【考】contribute to 导致、带来、为…贡献-

25 convenient a.方便的n.convenience 方便-

26 convey vt.传达-

27 cooperate vt.合作-

【考】cooperative a.合作的-

28 coordinate vt.合作-

29 cultivate vt.培养-

30 derive vt. 出自、源于-

【考】derive from … -

31 despair vi.绝望; n. 绝望-

【考】despair of 绝望; sb. be in despair 某人处于绝望中-

32 disapprove vt. 不批准、不赞同-

【派】disapproval n. 不赞同-

【考】express strong disapproval -

33 dismiss vt.撤销、免职-

【考】be dismissed by one's company 被公司解雇-

34 distinguish vt.辨别-

【派】distinguished a.? 突出的-

35 distribute vt.分配、分发-

【考】distribution n.分配、分发-

36 dominate vt. 支配、统治-

【考】male-dominated society 男性主导社会-

37 embarrass vt.使窘迫, 使尴尬; -

【派】embarrassed a.(某人)尴尬的; -

embarrassment n. 沮丧-

embarrassing a. (某事)令人尴尬的-

38 employ vt. 雇佣;使用-

【考】in the employ of 受雇于-

【派】employer n. 雇主;employee n.雇员-

employment n. 雇佣, 工作unemployment n. 失业-

39 engage vt. 从事、订婚-

【考】be engaged in sth. 从事… -

40 enhance vt.加强-

41 enroll vt.注册、使…入会-

【派】enrollment -

42 evacuate vt. 撤走、疏散-

43 evaluate vt.评价、估计-

【派】evaluation n. -

44 evaluate vt.评价、估计-

45 excessive a.过度的-

46 frustrate vt.使沮丧, 使灰心-

【派】frustration n. 挫折; frustrating a. 令人沮丧的-

47 genetic a.遗传的-

48 guarantee vt. 保证-

49 identify vt.鉴别、验明-

【考】idenfity theft 辨别偷窃-

50 immigrate vt. 移民-

【派】immigrant n.移民immigration -

51 implement vt.实施-

【派】implementation n. -

52 incline vi.倾向-

【考】be inclined to do sth. 倾向于做某事-

53 inferior a.下级的、下等的-

【考】be inferior to 比…低级-

54 injure vt. 受伤-

【派】injured a.受伤的; injury n. 受伤-

55 inquire vi. 询问-

56 instinct n.本能、直觉-

【考】human instinct 人类本能-

57 integrate vt. 使结合、使一体化-

【派】integral a.一体的;integration n.一体-

【考】as an integral whole 作为一个整体global economic integration 全球经济一体化-

58 internship n.实习-

59 inverse a.倒转的、反转的-

60 justify vt.证明…是正当的-

61 launch vt. 发射、开展-

【考】launch the spacecraft 发射飞船launch a movement 发起一项运动-

62 negative a.消极的-

63 notify vt.通知、告诉-

【派】notification n. -

64 obligation n.? 责任、义务-

【考】legal obligation? 法律责任-

65 obstacle n.障碍-

66 optimistic a. 乐观的-

【考】be optimistic about sth.对…很乐观-

67 originate vt.由…产生-

【考】originate from 由…产生-

68 overcome vt.战胜, 克服-

【例】overcome difficulties 克服困难-

69 phenomenon n.现象-

70 positive a.积极的-

71 potential a.潜在的-

【考】potential customer 潜在客户-

72 preferable a. 更好的-

73 prevail vt.压倒、胜过-

【派】prevailling a. 流行的-

74 priority n. 优先-

【考】sth. is the top priority 优先考虑… -

75 proceed vi.进行、着手-

76 prompt vt.刺激、推动-

【考】prompt sb. to do sth. -

77 proportion n.比例-

【派】proportional a.相应的、成比例的-

78 pursue vt. 追求-

【派】pursuit n. 追求-

【考】pursue one's dream -

79 qualify vt. (使)胜任,(使)具有资格-

【考】qualify for sth. 使具有…的资格-

【派】qualification n.资格,条件;qualified a.有资格的-

80 recommend vt.推荐-

81 reference n.参考-

82 remind vt.提醒某人注意-

【考】be reminded of sth. -

83 relevant a. 有关的,切题的-

【考】be relevant to 与…有关-

【派】relevance n. 有关,相关;irrelevant a. 不相关的;不切题的-

84 restore vt. 恢复、修复-

【考】restore reputation 恢复名誉-

85 restrain vt.遏制-

【考】be restrained to do sth. -

86 resume n.简历-

87 reverse vt.颠倒、反转-

88 sacrifice vt.牺牲-

89 starvation n.饿死-

90 submit vt. 提交-

【考】submit sth. to sb. 把…提交给某人-

91 subsidy n.津贴、补助-

【考】provide subsidy for sb. 为…提供津贴-

92 superior a.高级的、高等的-

【考】be superior to 比…高级-

93 survive vt.幸免于… -

【考】survive sth. 从…中幸免-

94 transmit vt. 传播-

95 tropical a.热带的-

96 undertake vt. 承担,着手做;保证,同意-

【考】undertake sth. 从事… -

【派】undertaking n.事业,任务-

97 vanish vi. 消失-

98 victim n. 受害者-

99 visiable a.可看见的-

100 vision vt. 视力、眼光–

二、四级高频词组-

1. at the thought of一想到… -

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论-

  3. at will 随心所欲-

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有-

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解-

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,-

  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地-

  8. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致-

  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地-

  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据-

  11. on one’s own account -

  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益-

  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责-

  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己-

  12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去-

  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由) -

  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。-

  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。-

  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) -

  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告-

  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。-

  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉-

  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理-

  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于-

  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) -

  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之-

  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外-

  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循-

  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的-

  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; -

  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。-

  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先-

  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地-

  31. have an advantage over 胜过-

  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件-

  have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事-

  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用-

  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意-

  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致-

  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前-

  36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中-

  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的-

  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计-

  39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; -

  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎-

  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到-

  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。 -

  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。-

  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。-

  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for -

  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉-

  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力-

  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。-

  48. apply to 与…有关;适用-

  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成,approve vt. 批准-

  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。-

  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… -

  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); -

  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻-

  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。-

  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结-

  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… -

  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料-

  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法-

  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果-

  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均-

  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。-

  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面-

  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。-

  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台-

  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃-

  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话) -

  67. be based on / upon 基于-

  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上-

  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢-

  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语) -

  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义-

  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。-

  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。-

  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) -

  75. for the better 好转-

  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。-

  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生-

  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上-

  79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) -

  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机-

  81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘-

  82. out of breath 喘不过气来-

  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之-

  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的-

  85. take the floor 起立发言-

  86. on business 出差办事。-

  87. be busy with sth。于某事。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事-

  88. last but one 倒数第二。-

  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设-

  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买-

  91. be capable of 能够, 有能力-

  be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的-

  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何-

  93. in case (=for fear that) 万一; -

  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一-

  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言-

  95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) -

  96. be cautious of 谨防-

  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上-

  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。-

  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地-

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然–

三、完形填空重要词组

1.With the help of 在~~帮助下under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

2.be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

3. at present=at the present time 目前for the present 暂时

4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下under the sun 在世界上

5. lie in 位于~~之内lie on 同~~接壤lie to 位于~~之外

6. at least 至少in the least 丝毫,一点

7. by name 名叫in the name of 以~~名义

8. in the air 空中,在流传on the air 播出

9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上get one’s own way to do 随心所欲give way 让步,屈服lose one’s way 迷路by the way 顺便说一下on one’s way to 在去~~的路上Come this way 这边走

10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角)in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断12. at the end (of) 在~~结束时at the beginning of 在~~开始时at the back of 在~~背后,支持at the age of ~~岁时at the foot of 在~~脚下at the bottom of 在~~底部at the top of 在~~顶上at/on the edge of 在~~边上

13. in the course of 在~~过程中in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使in the middle of 在~中间in the end =at last=finally 最后

14. on the eve of 在~~前夕on the side of 在~~一边

15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

16. behind time 迟到,过期behind the times 落在时代后面

17. at no time 决不in no time 立即,马上

18. at one time = once time 曾经at a time = each time 每次at times = sometimes 有时at all times 经常,一直,始终at the same time 同时at the time 在~~的时候by the time 到~~的时候

19. for a moment 一会儿for the moment 暂时at the moment 当时

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

20. once or twice 一两次more than once 不止一次once more 重新,又once upon a time 从前once in a while 偶尔

1. 以break为中心的词组

break away from 脱离,逃离break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚break in 闯进,打断;使顺服break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚break the law 违反法律break the record 破记录break one’s promise 失言break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

2. 以catch为中心的词组

be caught doing 被发现做某事be caught in the rain 淋雨catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车catch a cold 伤风,感冒catch one’s word 听懂某人的话catch sight of 发现,瞥见catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

3. 以come为中心的词组come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击come back 回来;恢复,复原come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成come into power 开始执政,当权,当选come into use 开始使用,获得应用come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出come to know 开始了解到come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于come to an end 终止,结束come true 实现,成为现实;证实come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭be done with 完全结束do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于do its work 有效,有作用do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错do one’s best 尽某人最大努力do one’s homework 做作业

do one’s utmost 尽力而为do proud 足以使~~骄傲do sb. justice 公平对待某人do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理do without 不需要,不用do wonders 创造奇迹have much to do with 和~~很有关系have nothing to do with 与~~无关have something to do with 和~~有关in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下That will do. 行了;够了

5. 以get为中心的词组

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传get above oneself 自视高傲get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解get ahead of 胜过,超过get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击have got to do 不得不,必须get away 离开,逃脱get back 取回,回来;报复get behind 落后;识破get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁get down to 认真对待,静下心来get familiar with 熟悉get hold of 获得,取得get home 到家get in 进入,陷入;牵涉get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成get ready for 为~~作准备get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱get through 到达,完成,通过;及格get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织get used to 习惯于

6. 以give为中心的词组

be given to 沉溺于,癖好give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就

give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发give back 归还give cause 给予~~的理由give ear to 侧耳倾听give forth 发出,放出;发表give in 屈服,让步,投降give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步give off 发出(烟,气味)give oneself out to be/as 自称为give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首give out 分发,公布give place to 让位于,被~~所替代give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生give sb. to understand 通知某人give up 放弃;停止give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以look为中心的词组

look about 四下环顾;查看look after 照顾,看管look around 东张西望look at 注视,着眼于look back 回顾look for 寻找;期待,期望look down on 俯视;轻视look forward to 盼望,期待look into 窥视;调查;浏览look like 看起来象look on 旁观;面向look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防look over 从上面看过去;检查look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make为中心的词组

be made from 由~~原料制成be made of 由~~材料制成be made up of 由~~组成make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗make a mistake 弄错make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持make advantages/use of 使用,利用make after 追求,追赶make believe 假装make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于make friends with 和~~交友make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为make much of 重视;理解;赏识make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事make one’s own 当作自己的看待make oneself at home 随便,别拘束make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱make way for 为~~让路,让路于on the make 急求成功;增加

9. 以put为中心的词组

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉put back 把~~放回原处;驳回put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞put on 上演;穿上,带上put up with 忍受,容忍put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

10. 以take为中心的词组

be taken aback 吃惊take a seat 就坐take a shower 淋浴,洗澡take aim 瞄准,设立目标take away 拿走,减去;夺去take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜take one’s place 就坐,入坐take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责take office 就职,上任take ~~ for 把~当作take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱take one’s temperature 量体温take part in 参与,参加take it easy 别着急,慢慢来take place = happen 发生,举行take the place of 代替take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

11. 以turn为中心的词组

give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的take one’s turn to do 轮到做turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度turn back 折回,往回走turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑turn into 走进;变成,变为turn to ~~for help 求助于turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策turn to 变成;着手于turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

四、其他常用

1.be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial

2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance

3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight

4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight

5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire

6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night

7. out of breath / control / question / sight

8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/

general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight

9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle

10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale

11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight

12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work /

night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large

13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact

14. above all / measure / normal

15. before all / long / time / now / then

16. after all / class / school

17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/

doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock /

18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence

19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example

20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair

语法句型篇:

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

~~~ the most + 形容词+ 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.

张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词+ than to + V

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)

例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)

例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)

例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...)

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.

使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)

例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.

我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词+ be + 主词+ that + 句子 (如此...以致于...)

例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.

时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)

例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V,

~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V,

~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.

你愈努力,你愈进步。

The more books we read, the more learned we become.

我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.

夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.

过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以...为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境

 与十八大有关的英文

   Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)

  中国人民政治协商会议

  National Committee of the CPPCC

  政协全国委员会

  Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee

  常务委员会

  Subcommittee for Handing Proposals of the CPPCC National Com.

  全国政协提案委员会

  Subcommittee of Economy

  国务院

  STATE COUNCIL

  Premier

  总理

  Vice-Premier

  副总理

  State Councilor

  国务委员

  Secretary-General of the State Council

  国务院秘书长

  Deputy Secretary-General

  副秘书长

  Ministries and Commissions under the State Council

  国务院所属各部门

  Ministry of Foreign Affairs

  外交部

  Ministry of National Defense

  国防部

  State Development Planning Commission

  国家发展计划委员会

  Minister in charge of

  主任

  State Economic and Trade Commission

  国家经济贸易委员会

  Ministry of Education

  教育部

  Ministry of Science & Technology

  科学技术部

  Min. of Science, Technology, & Industry for National Defense

  国防科学技术工业委员会

  State Ethnic Affairs Commission

  国家民族事务委员会

  Ministry of Public Security

  公安部

  Ministry of State Security

  国家安全部

  Ministry of Supervision

  监察部

  Ministry of Civil Affairs

  民政部

  Ministry of Justice

  司法部

  Ministry of Finance

  财政部

  Ministry of Personnel

  人事部

  Ministry of Labor and Social Security

  劳动和社会保障部

  Ministry of Land and Resources

  国土资源部

  Ministry of Construction

  建设部

  Ministry of Railways

  铁道部

  Ministry of Communications

  交通部

  Ministry of Information Industry

  信息产业部

  Ministry of Water Resource

  水利部

  Ministry of Agriculture

  农业部

  Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation

  对外贸易经济合作部

  Ministry of Culture

  文化部

  Ministry of Health 卫生部State Family Planning Commission

  国家计划生育委员会

  People’s Bank of China

  中国人民银行

  Governor

  行长

  National Audit Office

  审计署

  Auditor-General

  审计长

  Organizations directly under the State Council

  国务院直属机构

  General Administration of Customs

  中华人民共和国海关总署(海关总署)

  State Administration of Taxation

  国家税务总局(税务总局)State Environmental Protection Administration

  国家环境保护总局(环保总局)

  General Administration of Civil Aviation of China

  中国民用航空总局(民航总局)

  State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television

  国家广播电影电视总局(广电总局)

  State General Administration of Sport

  国家体育总局(体育总局)

  National Bureau of Statistics

  国家统计局(统计局)

  State General Administration of Press and Publication

  新闻出版署(中华人民共和国国

  State Forestry Administration

  国家林业局(林业局)

  State Intellectual Property Office

  国家知识产权局(知识产权局)

  National Tourism Administration

  国家旅游局(旅游局)

  State Administration of Religious Affairs

  国家宗教局(宗教局)

  Counselors’Office of the State Council

  国务院参事室(参事室)

  Government Offices Administration of the State Council

  国务院机关事务管理局(国管局)

  Functional Offices of the State Council

  国务院办事机构

  Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院侨务办公室(侨办)

  Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院港澳事务办公室(港澳办)

  Legislative affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院法制办公室(法制办)

  Economic Restructuring Office of the State Council

  国务院经济体制改革办公室

  Research Office of the State Council

  国务院研究室(国研室)

  Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院台湾办公室(台办)

  Information Office of the State Council

  国务院新闻办公室(新闻办)

  Units directly under the State Council

  国务院直属事业单位

  Xinhua News Agency

  新华通讯社(新华社)

  Chinese Academy of Sciences

  国科学院(中科院)

  Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

  中国社会科学院(社科院)

  Chinese Academy of engineering

  中国工程院(工程院)

  Development Research Center of the State Council

  国务院发展研究中心(发展研究中心)

  National School of Administration

  中国行政学院(行政学院)

  China Seismological Bureau

  中国地震局(地震局)

  China Meteorological Administration

  中国气象局(气象局)

  China Securities Regulatory Commission

  中国证券监督管理委员会(证监会)

  National Council for Social Security Fund

  全国社会保障基金理事会

  National Natural Science Foundation of China

  国家自然科学基金委员会

  Bureaus under Ministries

  部委管理的国家局

  State Grain Administration

  国家粮食局(粮食局)

  State Tobacco Monopoly Administration

  国家烟草专卖局

  State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

  国家外国专家局(外专局)

  State Oceanic Administration

  国家海洋局(海洋局)

  State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping

  国家测绘局(测绘局)

  State Post Bureau

  国家邮政局(邮政局)

  State Administration of Cultural Heritage

  国家文物局(文物局)

  State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine

  国家中医药管理局(中医药局)

  State Administration of Foreign Exchange

  国家外汇管理局(外汇局)

  State Administration for Safe Production Supervision

  国家安全生产监督局

  State Letters and Complaints Bureau

  国家信访局

  State Archives Administration

  国家档案局

  National Administration for Protection of State Secrets 国家保密局

  全国政协经济委员会

  Subcommittee of Human Resources and Environment

  全国政协人口资源环境委员会

  Subcommittee of Education, Science, Culture, Health and Sports

  全国政协教科文卫体委员会

  Subcommittee of Social and Legal Affairs

  全国政协社会法制委员会

  Subcommittee of Ethnic and Religious Affairs

  全国政协民族宗教委员会

  Subcommittee of Cultural and Historical Data

  全国政协文史资料委员会

  Subcommittee of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Compatriots

  全国政协港澳台侨委员会

  Subcommittee of Foreign Affairs

  国政协外事委员会

  Local Committees of the CPCCC

  政协地方委员会

  Provincial (autonomous regional, municipal) committee

  省(自治区,直辖市)

  County (city) committee

  县(市)委员会

英语系高手的整理!不想过四六级都难

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)
~~~ the most + 形容词+ 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)
例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.
海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。
Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.
张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词+ than to + V
例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.
没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)
例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)
例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.
不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)
例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.
全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)
例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.
毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子(...的优点是...)
例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.
使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子~~~ is that + 句子(...的原因是...)
例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.
我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词+ be + 主词+ that + 句子(如此...以致于...)
例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.
时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)
例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}
虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V,
~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~
The + more + Adj + S + V,
~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)
例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.
你愈努力,你愈进步。
The more books we read, the more learned we become.
我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)
例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.
借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)
例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.
听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)
例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.
我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式(该是...的时候了)
例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.
该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)
例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.
违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)
例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.
没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)
例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.
既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子(可想而知的)
It is obvious that + 句子(明显的)
It is apparent that + 句子(显然的)
例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.
可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)
例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.
夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)
例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.
过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。
例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.
自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)
例句:It pays to help others.
帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以...为基础)
例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.
社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)
例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。


还有下面这些是我正在读的一些原版书里的好句子
You can never have too much sky. You can fall asleep and wake up drunk on sky, and sky can keep you safe when you are sad. Here there is too much sadness and not enough sky. Butterflies too are few and so are flowers and most things that are beautiful. Still, we take what we can get and make the best of 。你永远不能拥有太多的天空。你可以在天空下睡去,醒来又沉醉。在你忧伤的时候,天空会给你安慰。可是忧伤太多,天空不够,蝴蝶不够,花儿也不够。大多美好的东西都不够。于是,我们去我们所能,好好的享用。——《芒果街上的小屋》

IT is a truth universally acknowledged, that (a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.)这是一条举世皆知的真理,那就是...(套进去^^)——《傲慢与偏见》

There is no royal road to (science.) ......路上无坦途。——马克思。

有的时候一个很好的单词作用也是非常强大的哦~可以替换以下哈~这些都是传说中的big words~

1. important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important)
2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)
3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people

四级所有完形填空的词组总结

1.in the long run 从长远来看,最后
2.on offer 在出售中
3.choose from... 从...中挑选
4.be curious about... 对...感到好奇
5.confront with... 使面临, 使面对
6.with interest 有兴趣地
7.an average of ... 平均是...
8.at high altitudes 在很高的地方
9.draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意
10.focus on 集中
11.in years to come 在未来的几年内
12.as a matter of fact 实际上
13.adopt a positive approach 采取一种正确的方法
14.wait for 等待
15.pass through 经过, 通过
16.a sequence of 一系列的
17.set apart from 把...区分开
18.take ... for granted 以...为骄傲
19.be aware of/that 注意到
20.translate into 翻译成
21.set in 开始
22.intend to do 想要做
23.looking forward to 期望
24.be built from... 用...去建造
25.a wide variety of 很多的
26.at advanced levels 在高级范围内
27.carry out 完成,实施
28.according to 根据
29.aim to do 指望做某事
30.make sacrifices to do 做出牺牲而做
31.in depth 深入地
32.a series of 一系列,一连串
33.above all 首先,尤其是
34.after all 毕竟,究竟
35.ahead of 在...之前
36.ahead of time 提前
37.all at once 突然,同时
38.all but 几乎;除了...都
39.all of a sudden 突然
40.all over 遍及
41.all over again 再一次,重新
42.all the time 一直,始终
43.all the same 仍然,照样的
44.as regards 关于,至于
45.anything but 根本不
46.as a matter of fact 实际上
47.apart from 除...外(有/无)
48.as a rule 通常,照例
49.as a result(of) 因此,由于
50.as far as ...be concerned 就...而言
51.as far as 远至,到...程度
52.as for 至于,关于
53.as follows 如下
54.as if 好像,仿怫
55.as good as 和...几乎一样
56.as usual 像平常一样,照例
57.as to 至于,关于
58.all right 令人满意的;可以
59.as well 同样,也,还
60.as well as 除...外(也),即...又
61.aside from 除...外(还有)
62.at a loss 茫然,不知所措
63.at a time 一次,每次
64.at all 丝毫(不),一点也不
65.at all costs 不惜一切代价
66.at all events 不管怎样,无论如何
67.at all times 随时,总是
68.at any rate 无论如何,至少
69.at best 充其量,至多
70.at first 最初,起先
71.at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
72.at hand 在手边,在附近
73.at heart 内心里,本质上
74.at home 在家,在国内
75.at intervals 不时,每隔...
76.at large 大多数,未被捕获的
77.at least 至少
78.at last 终于
79.at length 最终,终于
80.at most 至多,不超过
81.at no time 从不,决不
82.by accident 偶然
83.at one time 曾经,一度;同时
84.at present 目前,现在
85.at sb's disposal 任...处理
86.at the cost of 以...为代价
87.at the mercy of 任凭...摆布
88.at the moment 此刻,目前
89.at this rate 照此速度
90.at times 有时,间或
91.back and forth 来回地,反复地
92.back of 在...后面
93.before long 不久以后
94.beside point 离题的,不相干的
95.beyond question 毫无疑问
96.by air 通过航空途径
97.by all means 尽一切办法,务必
98.by and by 不久,迟早
99.by chance 偶然,碰巧
100.by far 最,...得多
101.by hand 用手,用体力
102.by itself 自动地,独自地
103.by means of 用,依靠
104.by mistake 错误地,无意地
105.by no means 决不,并没有
106.by oneself 单独地,独自地
107.by reason of 由于
108.by the way 顺便说说
109.by virtue of 借助,由于
110.by way of 经由,通过...方法
111.due to 由于,因为
112.each other 互相
113.even if/though 即使,虽然
114.ever so 非常,极其
115.every now and then 时而,偶尔
116.every other 每隔一个的
117.except for 除了...外
118.face to face 面对面地
119.far from 远非,远离
120.for ever 永远
121.for good 永久地
122.for the better 好转
123.for the moment 暂时,目前
124.for the present 暂时,目前
125.for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益
126.for the time being 暂时,眼下
127.from time to time 有时,不时
128.hand in hand 手拉手,密切关联
129.head on 迎面地,正面的
130.heart and soul 全心全意地
131.how about ...怎么样
132.in a hurry 匆忙,急于
133.in case of 假如,防备
134.in a moment 立刻,一会儿
135.in a sense 从某种意义上说
136.in a way 在某种程度上
137.in a word 简言之,总之
138.in accordance with 与...一致,按照
139.in addition 另外,加之
140.in addition to 除...之外(还)
141.in advance 预先,事先
142.in all 总共,合计
143.in any case 无论如何
144.in any event 无论如何
145.in brief 简单地说
146.in charge of 负责,总管
147.in common 共用的,共有的
148.in consequence(of) 因此;由于
149.in debt 欠债,欠情
150.in detail 详细地
151.in difficulty 处境困难
152.in effect 实际上,事实上
153.in general 一般来说,大体上
154.in favor of 支持,赞成
155.in front of 面对,在...前
156.in half 成两半
157.in hand 在进行中,待办理
158.in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念
159.in itself 本质上,就其本身而言
160.in line with 与...一致
161.in memory of 纪念
162.in no case 决不
163.in no time 立即,马上
164.in no way 决不
165.in order 按顺序,按次序
166.in other words 换句话说
167.in part 部分地
168.in particular 特别,尤其
169.in person 亲自,本人
170.in place 在合适的位置
171.in place of 代替,取代,交换
172.in practice 在实践中,实际上
173.in proportion to 与...成比例
174.in public 公开地,当众
175.in quantity 大量
176.in question 正在谈论的
177.in regard to 关于,至于
178.in relation to 关于,涉及
179.in return 作为报答/回报/交换
180.in return for 作为对...报答
181.in short 简言之,总之
182.in sight 被见到;在望
183.in spite of 尽管
184.in step 齐步,合拍
185.in step with 与...一致/协调
186.in tears 流着泪,在哭着
187.in the course of 在...期间/过程中
188.in the distance 在远处
189.in the end 最后,终于
190.in the event of 如果...发生,万一
191.in the face of 即使;在...面前
192.in the first place 首先
193.in the future 在未来
194.in the least 丝毫,一点
195.in (the)light of 鉴于,由于
196.in the way 挡道
197.in the world 究竟,到底
198.in time 及时
199.in touch 联系,接触
200.in turn 依次,轮流;转而
201.in vain 徒劳,白费力
202.instead of 代替,而不是
203.just now 眼下;刚才
204.little by little 逐渐地
205.lots of 许多
206.many a 许多
207.more or less 或多或少,有点
208.next door 隔壁的,在隔壁
209.no doubt 无疑地
210.no less than 不少于...;不亚于...
211.no longer 不再
212.no more 不再
213.no more than 至多,同...一样不
214.none other than 不是别的,正是
215.on one's guard 警惕,提防
216.nothing but 只有,只不过
217.now and then 时而,偶尔
218.off and on 断断续续,间歇地
219.off duty 下班
220.on a large/small scale 大/小规模地
221.on account of 由于
222.on(an/the) average 平均,通常
223.on behalf of 代表
224.on board 在船(车/飞机)上
225.on business 因公
226.on condition that 如果
227.on duty 上班,值班
228.on earth 究竟,到底
229.on fire 起火着火
230.on foot 步行,
231.on guard 站岗,值班
232.on hand 在场,在手边
233.on occasion(s) 有时,间或
234.on one's own 独立,独自
235.on purpose 故意地
236.on sale 出售,廉价出售
237.on schedule 按时间表,准时
238.on second thoughts 经重新考虑
239.on the contrary 正相反
240.on the grounds of 根据,以...为由
241.on (the) one hand 一方面
242.on the other hand 另一方面
243.on the point of 即将...的时刻
244.on the road 在旅途中
245.on the side 作为兼职/副 业
246.on the spot 在场;马上
247.on the whole 总的来说,大体上
248.on time 准时
249.once again 再一次
250.once(and)for all 一劳永逸地
251.once in a while 偶尔
252.once more 再一次
253.once upon a time 从前
254.one another 相互
255.or else 否则,要不然
256.or so 大约,左右
257.other than 非;除了
258.out of 从...中;由于;缺乏
259.out of breath 喘不过气来
260.out of control 失去控制
261.out of date 过时的
262.out of doors 在户外
263.out of order 出故障的
264.out of place 不适当的
265.out of practice 久不练习,荒疏
266.out of sight 看不见,在视野外
267.out of the question 毫无可能的
268.out of touch 不联系,不接触
269.over and over(again) 一再地,再三地
270.prior at 在...之前
271.quite a few 相当多,不少
272.rather than 不是...(而是)
273.regardless of 不顾,不惜
274.right away 立即,马上
275.side by side 肩并肩,一起
276.so far 迄今为止
277.sooner or later 迟早,早晚
278.step by step 逐步地
279.such as 例如,诸如
280.thanks to 由于,多亏
281.that is (to say) 就是说,即
282.to the point 切中要害,切题
283.under control 处于控制之下
284.under the circumstances 这种情况下
285.up to date 在进行中
286.up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于
287.what if 切合目前情况的
288.what about 怎么样
289.with respect to 如果...将怎么样
290.with regard to 关于,至于
291.without question 关于,至于,
292.with the exception of 除...之外
293.without question 毫无疑问
294.word for word 逐字的

 


2012年英语四级考试重点

一、语法部分考查重点

1、虚拟语气的考点为:

would rather+that从句+一般过去时;

It is vital/necessary/important/urgent/imperative/desirable/advisable/natural/essential+that+(should)动词原形;

proposal/suggestion+that+动词原形;

It is time/about time/high time+that+一般过去时;

lest+that+should+动词原形;

if only+that+would+动词原形。

2、状语从句的考点为:

非if引导的条件状语从句,此类句子多用at times,provided,so long as,in case,once等来替代if;

由even if/so,now that,for all等引导的让步状语从句;

just/hardly...when引导的时间状语从句;more than,as...as,not so much as,the same as,as much as等引导的比较状语从句。

3、独立主格结构多以逻辑主语+分词的形式出现。

4、情态动词多与完成时形式连用。

5、定语从句重点考查介词+关系代词(which)和as作为关系代词。

 二、词汇部分考查重点 

1、动词、名词与介词的搭配如:popular/patient+with;yield/solution/adapt/transfer/access+to;accuse/require+of;charge+for;under+discussion等等。

2、习惯用法如:confess to/set about/be used to+doing;be supposed to/have/make sb.+do等。

3、由同一动词构成的短语如:come,go,set,break等构成的短语。

4、单个的动词,抽象名词,形容词和副词多以近义词、同义词的形式出现。

5、介词短语在句中作状语如:in terms of;with the exception of;in vain等,另外还应注意rather than,other than,such as,none/nothing+but等词在考题中的出现。

三、专四重要词组

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。
2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在
3. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed i n 全神贯注于…近be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主 动地
9. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同….不一致
10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
12. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责3) (=by oneself)依靠自己on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.
13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)
15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)
18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉
21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.
30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
32. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.
37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.
39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.
42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.
44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.
49. apply to 与…有关;适用
50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.
52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以… 为羞耻
55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.
56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结
57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…
58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
59. attitude to toward …对…的态度.看法
60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果
61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.
63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.
65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one ’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃
67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
68. be based on upon 基于
69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
76. for the better 好转
77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.
78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)
81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
83. out of breath 喘不过气来
84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
86. take the floor 起立发言
87. on business 出差办事.
88. be busy with sth.于某事 。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
89. last but one 倒数第二.
90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设
91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
92. be capable of 能够, 有能力be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的
93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何
94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
97. be cautious of 谨防
98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上
99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.
100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地
101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然
102. for a change换换环境(花样等)
103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…
104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管
105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…
107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地
108. comment on 评论
109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论
110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的
111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.
112. compare…with … 把…与…比较
113. compare…to… 把…比作…
114. by comparison 比较起来
115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来
116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补
117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)
118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从
119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想
120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心
121. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关
122. concern oneself about with 关心
123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束时;
124. condemn sb. to 判决
125. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然for all that = although 尽管
126. in out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit not fit) 健康状况好不好. in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态
127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行.
128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖
129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 对…有信心
130. confidence in sb. sth. 对…的信赖
131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的
132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内
133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)
134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with照…办; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to按..做
135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临
136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺
137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,
138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道
139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意
140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果
141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果
142. under consideration 在考虑中
143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于
144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不
145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去
146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的
147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致
148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,
149. consult sb. on about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教
150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快
151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事
152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反
153. on the contrary 相反
154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)
155. in contrast towith 和…形成对比by contrast 对比之下
156. contribute to 有助于
157. under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制
158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点.be convenient to for 对…方便
159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.) 使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…
160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理
161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境
162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信
163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致
164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of 以…为代价
165. a matter of course 理所当然的事
166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地
167. in (during) the course 在…过程中
168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候
169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣
170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的
171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病
172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险
173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止
174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)
175. deal with (=concern) 论及
176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加
178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;
179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐
180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐
181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西
182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时
183. be dependent on 依靠
184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物
185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于
186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望
187. in despair 绝望
188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管
189. in detail 详细地
190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…
193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除
195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪
196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列
197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉
198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议
199. in dispute 在争议中
200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出
201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同
202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压
205. have…to do with 与…有关系
206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地
207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑
208. be due to 是由于
209. come off duty 下班
210. go on duty 上班
211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时
212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做)
213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望
214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱
215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力
216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话
217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力
219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
220. put sb. at his her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束
221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省
222. have an effect on 对…有影响
223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效
224. go into effect 生效. ( 近come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)
225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上
226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效
227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果
228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效
229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…
230. to that effect 是那个意思的…
231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)
232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上
233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲
234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事
235. on end (=continuously) 连续地
236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了
237. no end of (=very manymuch) 很多,大量
238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终
239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽
240. end up with 以…而结束
241. come to and end (=finish) 结束
242. end in 以…为结束
243. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事
244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加
245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
246. enter on upon (=begin) 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)
247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…
248. be equal to 等于
249. be feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地
250. be equipped with 装备有,装有
251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于
252. in essence (=in itsone’s nature) 本质上
253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何
254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样
255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but 连用)
256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时
257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..
258. except (=but) 除了。
259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外
260. (an) exception to …的例外
261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外
262. in excess of (=more than) 超过
263. exchange…for 以…交换
264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括
265. in excuse of 作为…的借口
266. exert…on… 对…施加…
267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲
268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; come into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花;
269. (be) in existence存在come into existence 出现
270. expect…of 在…期望…
271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)
273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….
274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的
275. give expression to 表达, 表现find expression in 表现
276. to …extent 在…程度上
277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其
278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)
279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见
280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中
281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间
282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视
283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里
284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来
285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)
286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向
287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败
288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地

289. keep faith with 对…守信用
290. lose faith in 对…失去信心
291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地
292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚
293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯
294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于
295. familiar with 熟悉,了解
296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要
297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢
298. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用)
299. far from 远远不是
300. far from 非但不…(而且)
301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行
302. after the fashion (of) 依照…
303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵
304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错
305. in favour of 赞成
306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱;
out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠
307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利
308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的
309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心
310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕
311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心
312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养
313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了
314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要
315. fill in 填写
316. fill out ( =fill in )填写
317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就
318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事
319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火
320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见
321. for the first time 第一次(作状语)
322. in the first place 首先, 第一
323. fit into 刚好放入
324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致
325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合
326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上focus sth. on 把…集中在…上
327. be fond of 喜欢
328. (be) in force 有效, 实施
329. go into force 开始生效
330. by force 靠武力, 强行
331. force…on 把…强加给…
332. in the form of 以…形式
333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气
334. free of charge 免费
335. be freed from 免受, 没有…
336. in front of 在…前面in the front of 在…前部
337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供
338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常
339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一 眼(强调动作)
340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好
341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)
342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地
343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 把…认为理所当然的.
344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人
345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…
346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空
347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕(be) on guard 站岗
348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止guard…against 警卫…防止
349. guess at 猜, 估计
350. by guess 靠猜
351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失
352. be in the habit of 习惯于
353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)
354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)
355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯
356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住
357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)
358. by hand 用手工(做)
359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作
360. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住
361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责
362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃
363. at the head of 在…的前头
364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进
365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过
366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上
367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上
368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)
369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地
370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意
371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做
372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday
373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束 ,熟悉
374. be honest in诚实
375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念
376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保
377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有
378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是
379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地
380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同
381. be identified with 被视为与…等同
382. in ignorance of 不知道…
383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道
384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响
385. impose…on 把…强加给
386. impress…on 给…留下印象
387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象
388.under the impression that有..的印象,认为
389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好
390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些
391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转
392. include…in 把…列在…里面
393. inclusive of 把…包括在内
394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的
395. indicative of 表明, 说明
396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎
397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to比… 好
398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉
399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的
400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要
2楼曹红林2008-03-19 08:32 回复 发站内信

401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是…
402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人…
403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证
404. insure…against 保险…以防
405. intend…for 打算把…给
406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决
407. in the interests of 符合…的利益be interested in 对…感兴趣
408. interfere in干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰
409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离
410. intervene in 干预
411. invest in 投资
412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加
413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己
414. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然
415. be jealous of 妒忌
416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受,
417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责
418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低.
419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望
420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视
421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人
422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知
423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上at large(=at full length; with details)详细地
424. lean against (背)靠着…
425. at least 至少; at most 至多
426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不)
427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候
428. lend itselfthemselves to适合于(某用途)
429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地
430. go to any length想一切办法, 尽一切力量
431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)
432. be liable for 对…应负责任的
433. lie in 在于
434. in life 一生中
435. for life 终身
436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据
437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明
438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致
439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到
440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中)
441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后.
442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说)
443. (be) at a loss 不知所措
444.major in 主修(某课程)
445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是
446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切. (=certainly) 当然行;by means of用…; by no means 完全不, 决不
447. on memory of 为纪念…
448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中
449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事
450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下
451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱
452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记
453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起
454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地
455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在for the moment (=for the time being)暂时just a moment 稍等片刻at the last moment 在最后一刻
456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做.
457. no more…than 和…一样都不…
458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说
459. at (the) most 最多, 至多
460. make the most of 充分利用
461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的… be something of 有点…,像…
462. name after 用…的名字命名
463. native to 所产的
464. by nature 天生的, 生来
465. in mature 本质上
466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质
467. none other that 不是别人,正是…
468. above normal 高于正常(温度)
469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费
470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已
471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说…
472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备
473. until further notice 在另行通知前
474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意
475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对
476. objection to (接动名词) 反对
477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时
478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于
479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事)
480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到…
481. once and for all =once and forever永远地all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔(just) for once 就这一次
482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助)
483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术operation n. come go into operation开始运转putbring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转
484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法
485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法
486. be opposed to… 反对…
487. be opposite to 与…相反的
488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障
489. made to order 定做的(衣服)
490. originate infrom(=begin)起源于,由..引起
491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊
492. owe…to 把…归于…
493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独
494. of one’s own某人自己的
495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进
496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力
497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉
498. participate in (=take part in)参加
499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿)
500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其
501. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情
502. be patient with 对…耐心
503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚
504. pay…for 付…的钱
505. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安
506. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的
507. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金
508. perform on the piano(=play the piano) 演奏钢琴
509. persist in 坚持,固执
510. in person 亲自, 当面
511. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方
512. in place of (=instead of) 代替
513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事
514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做
515. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要
516. come to the point 谈主要问题
517. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事
518. to the point 中肯, 切题
519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明
520. popular withamong大众所喜爱的,拥戴
521. in the position of 处在…位置上
522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语)
523. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练
524. bring(put)…into practice使…成为现实
525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢
526. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭prepare breakfast 作早饭
527. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下
528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at present 现在,此刻
529. preside over at 主持(会议,业务等)
530. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜
531. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做
532. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前
533. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪
534. pride oneself on upon 以…自豪
535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上
536. prior to (=before) 在…之前
537. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地in public 公开地
538. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生)
539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行
540. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中
541. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止
542. in proportion to 与…成比例
543. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受
544. be proud of 为…自豪
545. provide for 为…做准备
546. in public 公开地, 当众
547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意
548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的
549. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格be qualified for 在某种职业上合格
550. call…in question 对…表示怀疑
551. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问
552. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的
553. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的;
554. without question 毫无疑问
555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了
556. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地
557. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括
558. range between 范围在..与..之间不等
559. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之
560. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解)
561. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,能拿到
562. react to 对…作出反应
563. react on upon 对…产生影响
564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应
565. (be) ready for 准备好做…
566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上
567. beyond all reason 没有道理的
568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为
569. it stands to reason that …理所当然
570. reason with (=argue) 劝说
571. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字(be) get out of red 不再亏损
572. refer to…as 把…称做…
573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交
574.within reference to(=concerning, about)关于
575. within regard to (=concerning)有关,关于
576. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候
577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of) 不顾,不考虑
578. inwith relation to 关于, 有关
579. relevant to 与…有关的
580. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是
581. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退
582. rely on 依靠, 信赖
583. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论
584. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物
585. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起
586. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中
587. reply to 答复, 回答
588.beyond reproach不受责备的;beyond(all) reason毫无道理;beyond question毫无疑 问;beyond belief以相信;beyond hope绝望
589. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于… resort to force 诉诸于武力
590. inwith respect to (=concerning)有关,关于
591. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效
592. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应
593. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因
594. rest onupon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托
595. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠
596. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不..
597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于..
598. result in (=cause) 导致
599. with the result that 其结果是
600. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for)
601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去
602.be in the right正确的;in the wrong错误的
603. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做)
604. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致
605. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险
606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)的风险
607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate) 排除
608. in safety 安全地
609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of ) 为了…起见
610. be for sale 待售
611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市
612. be satisfied with 满意
613. on a large scale 大规模地
614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule提前; in advance预先;behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间
615. be schedule for 定在某时(进行)
616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过
617. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始
618. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of为…的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持…
619. in season 旺季
620. in secret 秘密地; in private 私下
621. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻; superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差
622. in a sense 在某种意义上
623. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational耸人听闻的
624. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序
625. share in (=have a share in) 分摊, 分担
626. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用
627. be shocked at by 对…感到震惊
628. fall short of 达不到
629. go short of (=be without enough of) 缺乏
630. for short (in a short form) 为简便,简称
631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称
632. in short supply 供应不足
633. be short of (=lacking enough)缺乏,不够
634. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思
635. at the side of 与…相比
636. take the side of 站在…一边
637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见
638. at the sight of 一看见…
639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible) 看得见out of sight 看不见
640. know sb. by sight 与…只面熟
641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地
642. smell of 有…的气味
643. be sorry aboutfor 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的
644. speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话
645. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻
646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管
647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或(=at once) 立即
648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对take a stand for 采取某种立场支持…
649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着
650. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐
651. stick sth. on 把…贴在…上
652. stick to 粘着, 坚持
653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work 坚持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书
654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)坚持; stick to one’s promise 比喻食言stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友
655. in stock 有….货
656. be strict with 对…严格要求
657. bego on strike 罢工
658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到subject (adj.) to 易受到…的
659. submit…to 提交
660. substitute…for 以…代替…
661. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛
662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适…的
663. in sum 大体上, 总之
664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物
665. superior to 优于…, 比…好
666. in support of 以便支持
667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)确信的
668. for sure certain (certainly, definitely) 肯定地.有把握地说
669. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实
670. be surprised at对..惊奇;take…by surprise使…惊奇; to one’s surprise使某人惊奇
671. suspect sb. of 疑心某犯有…
672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心
673. by sympathetic totowards对…同情,赞同
674. sympathize with sb. or sth. 对…表示同情
675. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情
676. taste of 有…味道
677. in good taste大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste
678. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意
679. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出
680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面
681. be on goodbad terms with 关系好(不好)
682. thank sb. for sth. 因…感谢某人
683. think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起
684. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后
685. be through with (=finish with) 做好,完成
686. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经
687. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代
behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点
688. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时
689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时
on time (=punctually) 准时
690. at no time 无论何时也不… in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上
691. at times (=occasionally) 间或, 时常at all times (=always) 始终, 总是
692. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时
693. on top of 在…上面
694. in total (=all have been added up) 总计
695. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触
696. be true of适合于…的;be true to 忠于…
697. to trust …to 把…委托给
698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖
699. in truth 事实上, 实在
700. by turns 轮换地
701. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次
702. be typical of 是…的特点
703. for use 以便使用
704. be in use (=be used)被使用; be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使用
705. be used to+名词或动名词 习惯于used to+动词原形 过去常常(做)
706. be unprepared for 对…无准备的
707. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳
708. be valid for 对…有效的
709. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约
710. with a view to +动名词(=in order to do sth.) 以…为目的
711. in view (=in sight) 看得见
712. in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意思
713. byin virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力量
714. a warning against 告诫…不要a warning of 警告…存在…
715. (be) on the watch for不断监视看有没有..
(be) on the watch against不断监视为防范…
716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍
717. (be)under way (=moving forward)正进行
718. by way of (=by going through) 经由,取道
719. by the way(=in addition)顺带地(转移话题)
720. in no way 无论怎样也不…
721. in the way 对…方式
722. in a way 从某种程度上说
723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说
725. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地
726. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物
727. “with+名词+分词” 构成复合结构,作状语
728. word for word (=literally) 逐字地
729. in a word总之;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; have words with sb.争吵;have the last word有决定权; keep one’s word 遵守诺言
730. work out ideas 出主意;work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;work out a
problem解决问题;work out a puzzle解谜
731. at the thought of一想到…worry about担心
732. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下
733. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从
734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上,

 

四六级十分常用的80个加分搭配

1. 随着经济的繁荣with the booming of the economy 2. 随着人民生活水平的显著提高with the remarkable improvement of people's living standard 3. 先进的科学技术advanced science and technology
4. 为我们日常生活增添了情趣add much spice / flavor to our daily life
5. 人们普遍认为It is commonly believed that…
6. 我同意前者(后者)观点I give my vote to the former / latter opinion.
7. 引起了广泛的公众关注Sth. has aroused wide public concern. / Sth has drawn great public attention.
8. 不可否认It is undeniable that…
9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论a heated discussion / debate
10. 有争议性的问题a controversial issue
11. 就我而言/ 就个人而言As far as I am concerned, / Personally,
12. 有充分的理由支持be supported by sound reasons
13. 双方的论点argument on both sides
14. 发挥日益重要作用play an increasingly important role in…
15. 对…必不可少be indispensable to…
16. 正如谚语所说As the proverb goes:
17. 对…产生有利/不利的影响exert positive / negative effects on…
18. 利远远大于弊The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
19. 导致,引起lead to / give rise to / contribute to / result in
20. 复杂的社会现象a complicated social phenomenon
21. 责任感/ 成就感sense of responsibility / achievement
22. 竞争与合作精神sense of competition and cooperation
23. 开阔眼界widen one's horizon / broaden one's vision
24. 学习知识和技能acquire knowledge and skills
25. 经济/心理负担financial burden / psychological burden
26. 考虑到诸多因素take many factors into consideration
27. 从另一个角度from another perspective
28. 做出共同努力make joint efforts
29. 对…有益be beneficial to / be conducive to…
30. 为社会做贡献make contributions to the society
31. 打下坚实的基础lay a solid foundation for…
32. 综合素质comprehensive quality
33. 致力于/ 投身于be committed / devoted to…
34. 应当承认Admittedly,
35. 不可推卸的义务unshakable duty
36. 满足需求satisfy / meet the needs of...
37. 可靠的信息源a reliable source of information
38. 宝贵的自然资源valuable natural resources
39. 因特网the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)
40. 方便快捷convenient and efficient
41. 在人类生活的方方面面in all aspects of human life
42. 环保的材料environmentally friendly materials
43. 社会进步的体现a symbol of society progress
44. 大大方便了人们的生活Sth has greatly facilitated people's lives.
45. 对这一问题持有不同态度hold different attitudes towards this issue
46. 在一定程度上to some extent
47. 理论和实践相结合integrate theory with practice
48.…必然趋势an irresistible trend of…
49. 日益激烈的社会竞争the increasingly keen social competition
50. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest
51. 长远利益long-tem interest
52.…有其自身的优缺点…has its own merits and demerits / pros and cons
53. 对…有害do harm to / be harmful to / be detrimental to
54. 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息exchange ideas / emotions / information
55. 跟上…的最新发展keep pace with / keep abreast with the latest development of…
56.…的健康发展the healthy development of…
57. 重视attach great importance to…
58. 社会地位social status
59. 把时间和精力放在…上focus one's time and energy on…
60. 扩大知识面expand one's scope of knowledge
61. 身心两方面both physically and mentally
62. 有直接/间接关系be directly / indirectly related to…
63. 导致很多问题give rise to / lead to / spell various problems
64. 可以替代think的词believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion / belief / view that
65. 缓解压力/ 减轻负担relieve stress / burden
66. 优先考虑/发展…give (top) priority to sth.
67. 与…比较compared with…/ in comparison with
68. 可降解的/可分解的材料degradable / decomposable material
69. 代替replace / substitute / take the place of
70. 提供就业机会offer job opportunities
71. 反映了社会进步的mirror the social progress/advance
72. 增进相互了解enhance / promote mutual understanding
73. 充分利用make full use of / take advantage of
74. 承受更大的工作压力suffer from heavier work pressure
75. 保障社会稳定和繁荣guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society
76. 更多地强调put more emphasis on…
77. 适应社会发展adapt oneself to the social development
78. 实现梦想realize one's dream
79. 主要理由列举如下The main / leading reasons are listed as follows:
80. 我们还有很长的路要走We still have a long way to go.

 

 

12月考四级的同学注意啦!!!你就是下一个通过者

1. at the thought of一想到…­

2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论­

3. at will 随心所欲­

4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有­

5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解­

6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,­

7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地­

8. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致­

9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地­

10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据­

11. on one’s own account­

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益­

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责­

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己­

12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去­

13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)­

14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。­

15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。­

16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)­

17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告­

18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。­

19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉­

20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理­

21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于­

22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)­

23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之­

24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外­

25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循­

26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的­

27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;­

28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。­

29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先­

30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地­

31. have an advantage over 胜过­

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件­

have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事­

32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用­

33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意­

34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致­

35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前­

36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中­

37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的­

38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计­

39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;­

all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎­

40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到­

41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。­

42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。­

43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。­

44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for­

45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉­

46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力­

47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。­

48. apply to 与…有关;适用­

49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成,approve vt. 批准­

50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。­

51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…­

52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);­

53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻­

54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。­

55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结­

56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…­

57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料­

58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法­

59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果­

60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均­

61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。­

62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面­

63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。­

64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台­

65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃­

66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)­

67. be based on / upon 基于­

68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上­

69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢­

70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)­

71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义­

72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。­

73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。­

74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)­

75. for the better 好转­

76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。­

77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生­

78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上­

79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)­

80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机­

81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘­

82. out of breath 喘不过气来­

83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之­

84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的­

85. take the floor 起立发言­

86. on business 出差办事。­

87. be busy with sth。于某事。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事­

88. last but one 倒数第二。­

89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设­

90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买­

91. be capable of 能够, 有能力­

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的­

92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何­

93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;­

94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一­

in the case of 至于…, 就…而言­

95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)­

96. be cautious of 谨防­

97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上­

98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。­

99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地­

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然­

四六级学习计划

一、基础阶段:(916——1016日)
1、背单词买一本单词书每天100个单词把中文意思一定要背过会拼写争取在一个月内把袭击的约4000(5500)个单词全部过一遍有个大体印象顺便从网上下载四六级考试大纲词汇带着看
2、看课本新视野大学生英语每天读两篇把结构比较好的句子画下来多看几遍能背则背语法不需要背如果实在不懂就不用看语法了另外有条件的可以再系统学习学习新概念
3、练听力在基础阶段时不需要练习考试听力可以从网上下载一些VOA的慢速英语因为四六级的听力语速很慢 每天只需要听一篇但是一定要一边听一遍写直到能把英语都写下来无论听多少遍
4、写作写作方面不用下太多功夫背作文框架就可以(模拟试卷或者从网上下载英语作文的框架在一个月前背过就行)

二、强化阶段:(1016——1116日)
1、背单词将单词开始背第二遍这一遍要求记牢无论中文意思还是拼写都要记住每天150个以外还要背一些词组单词永远是最重要的单词量不过关什么也不行
2、看阅读将历年的四六级真题的阅读一篇一篇的看难度并不大自己好好分析对照答案的说明然后做一遍如有不懂可请教他人每天一篇每份真题有两篇仔细阅读一篇快速阅读从2001年到2011年大约一共有82篇只需要把这些文章分析的彻底问题就不大(阅读题,同样可以从网上下载真题)
3、练听力还是以VOA的听力为主每天一篇写下来再对照答案

三、冲刺阶段:(1116——1216日)
1、背单词再将单词从头至尾背一遍直到考试单词至少要背三遍如果学有余力掌握拼写另外将所做的阅读真题里的陌生单词都整理到一张纸上不要写中文意思只写英文然后每天有空拿出来背一背效果显著单词是基础
2、练听力这个阶段一定要开始练习历年真题的听力了每天做一篇即可与背单词相同的是也要将听力文章里出现的陌生单词整理到纸上不标注中文意思找空闲时间、背一背在听听力的时候要训练自己只听一遍不可以一道题听很多遍那样事倍功半在听听力题的最后一个大题复合式听写时听句子时候听主干只写主干一样得分
3、做阅读将做过的阅读在重新看看哪里还有不懂及时解决在做快速阅读时不要先看文章要先看题目从题目去文章中定位做大阅读的方法一样
4、写作四六级的写作可以说就是考议论文议论文就是分三段每一段的句首的作用举重若轻所以背作文框架很重要
5、翻译同样将历年真题一道一道的认真做下来每做完几年的就做一个对比会发现知识点都是重复出现的所以翻译相对简单


另外如果认为背单词太累且记不住还可以尝试这样一种方法从基础阶段就开始做真题在阅读中去背单词将所有不会的单词都记录下来整理到本子上背就可以了但是这种方法并不是很扎实因为既然想考六级了就是想考研了基础还是要打牢比较好(单词背扎实点,别骗自己)

练字必不可少 熟悉考试流程

 

 

 

  一、写作和翻译(含Part 1写作)(占15%),满分为107分,64及格;
二、阅读理解(含Part 2快速阅读理解和Part 4仔细阅读理解)(占35%),满分为248.5分,150及格;
三、听力(含Part 3,包括长、短对话听力理解和短文听力理解与听写)(占35%),满分为248.5分,150及格;
四、综合(含Part 5,Part6,包括综合填空和改错,翻译)(占15%),满分为107分,64及格

总分710

 

四六级区别

 1.词汇量:

四级:4000;六级:5500

 2.文章长度增长

3.增加新题型

Detailed Reading:回答问题和填空

常用短语

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。  ­

2. be absent from. 缺席,不在  ­

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉  ­

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed in 全神贯注于…  近义:be engrossed ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on  ; be focused on ; be centered on  ­

5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有    6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解  ­

7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,  ­

8. of ones own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,动地  ­

9. in accord with 一致. out of ones accord with .不一致  ­

10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地  ­

11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据  ­

12. on ones own account  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益  2) (=at ones own risk) 自行负责  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己  on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of account ..重要性.  ­

13. takeinto account(=consider)...考虑进去  ­

14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)  ­

15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.  ­

16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.  ­

17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)  ­

18. accuseof(=chargewith; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告  ­

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.  ­

20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially  ) 熟悉  ­

21. act on 奉行,按照行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理  ­

22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于  ­

23. adapt(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)  ­

24. in addition (=besides) 此外, , 加之  ­

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)  ­

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循  ­

27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的  ­

28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;  ­

29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) 的可能,留有的余地.  ­

30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.  ­

31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.  ­

32. have an advantage over 胜过.  have the advantage of 由于处于有利条件  have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事  ­

33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.  ­

34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意  ­

35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致  ­

36. ahead of 之前, 超过;……………. ahead of time 提前.  ­

37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.  ­

38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.  ­

39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计  ­

40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.  ­

41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到  .  ­

42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.  ­

43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 负责.  ­

44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.  ­

45. be anxious about 焦急不安; anxious for  ­

46. apologize to sb. for sth. 道歉  ­

47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力  ­

48. apply to sb. for sth. 申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.  ­

49. apply to 有关;适用  ­

50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准  ­

51. arise from(=be caused by) 引起.  ­

52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…  ­

53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);  ­

54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) …  为羞耻  ­

55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 保证, 使确信.  ­

56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) , ,  ­

57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…  ­

58. attend to (=give ones attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料  ­

59. attitude to toward 的态度.看法  ­

60. attributeto(=to believe sth. to be the result of)..归因于.., 认为....的结果  ­

61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均  ­

62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.  ­

63. at the back of (=behind) 后面  ­

64. in the back of 后部(里面); on the back of 后部(外面); be on ones back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.  ­

65. at ones back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one s back 支持, 作后台  ­

66. turn ones back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃  ­

67. behind ones back 背着某人(说坏话)  ­

68. be based on  upon 基于  ­

69. on the basis of 根据, 基础上  ­

70. beatat 运动项目上打赢  ­

71. begin with 开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)  ­

72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 名义  ­

73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.  ­

74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.  ­

75. for the benefit of 为了的利益(好处)  ­

76. for the better 好转  ­

77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.  ­

78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生  ­

79. blame sb. for sth. 责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 推在某人身上  ­

80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)  ­

81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机  ­

82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘  ­

83. out of breath 喘不过气来  ­

84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之  ­

85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的  ­

86. take the floor 起立发言  ­

87. on business 出差办事.  ­

88. be busy with sth.于某事be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事  ­

89. last but one 倒数第二.  ­

90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设  ­

91. buy sth. formoney 用多少钱买  ­

92. be capable of 能够, 有能力  be capable of being +过去分词是能够被  ­

93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost  , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何  ­

94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;  ­

95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生万一  in the case of 至于, 而言  ­

96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)  ­

97. be cautious of 谨防  ­

98. center ones attention on(=focus ones attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在  ­

99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.  ­

100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地  ­

101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然  ­

102. for a change换换环境(花样等)  ­

103. charge sb. with 控告某人犯有…  ­

104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)  in the charge of   ­

105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)  ­

106. chargefor 索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…  ­

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地  ­

108. comment on 评论  ­

109. commit oneself to 使自己承担commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit ones idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee  把某事交给委员会讨论  ­

110. in common ()有共同之处,共用.  be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的  ­

111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 要好.  ­

112. comparewith 比较  ­

113. compareto比作…  ­

114. by comparison 比较起来  ­

115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 比起来  ­

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate  sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补  ­

117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)  ­

118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从  ­

119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想  ­

120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心  ­

121. be concerned with (=about) 有关  ­

122. concern oneself about  with 关心  ­

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 结束时;  ­

124. condemn sb. to 判决  ­

125. on condition that (=if)为条件, 假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然  for all that = although 尽管  ­

126. in  out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit  not fit) 健康状况好不好. in good (bad) condition处于良好()状态  ­

127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行.  ­

128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about ones secret) 讲真心话, 依赖  ­

129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 有信心  ­

130. confidence in sb.  sth. 的信赖  ­

131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的  ­

132. confineto限制在某范围内  ­

133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)  ­

134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to..  ­

135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临  ­

136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺  ­

137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,  ­

138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道  ­

139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意  ­

140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果  ­

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于的结果  ­

­

1.        142. under consideration 在考虑中  ­

143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于  ­

144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不  ­

145.takeinto consideration (=take account of, takeinto account)考虑到, 考虑进去  ­

146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的  ­

147. consist of(=be composed of)组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,一致  ­

148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)一致. be consistent in一贯的  ,  ­

149. consult sb. on about sth. 征求方面的意见, 请教  ­

150. to ones hearts content尽情地,痛痛快快  ­

151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事  ­

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 相反  ­

153. on the contrary 相反  ­

154. contrastwith 相对(对照)  ­

155. in contrast towith 形成对比by contrast 对比之下  ­

156. contribute to 有助于  ­

157. under control ()控制住out of control无法控制  ­

158. at ones convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点.be convenient to  for 方便  ­

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)  使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…  ­

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理  ­

161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round  the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境  ­

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信  ­

163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致  ­

164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of 为代价  ­

165. a matter of course 理所当然的事  ­

166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地  ­

167. in (during) the course 过程中  ­

168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候  ­

169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to ones credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使感到光荣  ­

170be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的  ­

171. cure sb. of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病  ­

172a danger to的危险; be in danger(of)处于危险中; be out of danger脱离危险  ­

173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止  ­

174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始()  ­

175. deal with (=concern) 论及  ­

176. be in debt to sb. 的债  ­

­

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中  in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加  ­

178. to ones delight 令某人感到高兴  to ones regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;  ­

179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐  ­

180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干, 为乐  ­

181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西  ­

182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时  ­

183. be dependent on 依靠  ­

184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物  ­

185. derivefrom(=obtainfrom)取得,来的.derive from(=come from)起源于  ­

186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望  ­

187. in despair 绝望  ­

188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管  ­

189. in detail 详细地  ­

190. deviate from 偏离, 不按  ­

191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食  ­

192. differ fromin 的区别在于…  ­

193. in difficulties有困难,处境困难,  ­

194. discharge sb. (from)for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 解雇, 开除  ­

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;  in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪  ­

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列  ­

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉  ­

198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议  ­

199. in dispute 在争议中  ­

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出  ­

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 截然不同  ­

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别  ­

203. distinguishfrom 区别开  ­

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压  ­

205. haveto do with 有关系  ­

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地  ­

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)表示疑惑  ­

208. be due to 是由于  ­

209. come off duty 下班  ­

210. go on duty 上班  ­

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时  ­

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by ones job or esp. by conscience) 有义务()  ­

213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望  ­

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱  ­

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)..有鉴赏力  ­

216. a word in ones ear 私房话, 秘密话  ­

217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然  ­

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力  ­

219. at (ones) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束  ­

220. put sb. at his  her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束  ­

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省  ­

222. have an effect on 有影响  ­

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效  ­

224. go into effect 生效. ( come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)  ­

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上  ­

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使生效  ­

227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果  ­

228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效  ­

229. to the effect that 大意是,主要内容是…  ­

230. to that effect 是那个意思的…  ­

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)  ­

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在  ­

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲  ­

234. encourage sb. in with sth. 鼓励某人做某事  ­

235. on end (=continuously) 连续地  ­

236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了­

 

一,四级,专升本写作常用100个替换词

1. think认为,思考的常用替换词如下:(下同)认为,主张:argue, maintain, hold, believe

考虑:take...into consideration, consider, ponder, meditate, contemplate, think over, reflect on/upon.

2. decide:断定,下结论,断定:come to the conclusion, arrive at the conclusion, draw the conclusion, conclude, judge, assert, wind up. 

3. get: 得到,获得:acquire, obtain, attain, reap 赢得,取得earn, gain, procure

4. support: 支持,支持,赞成:approve of, in favor of ,uphold, stand by one's side, agree with, give ones' assent.提倡:advocate, recommend

5. say no to: 反对,反对:oppose, object to, be against;抵制:resist, boycott

6. important: 重要的,意义深远的,重大的:far-reaching, profound, significant, eventful

重要的,有决定性的:key, essential, fundamental, crucial, decisive, vial, substantial. 

扮演一个重要角色:play an important part in ```

7. use: 使用,充分运用:optimize, make best/full use of 使用:employ, utilize应用:apply

8. glad, happy: 高兴的,高兴的,心情好的:be in a good mood, cheerful, joyful, joyous, pleased, delighted 

9. hard-working: 勤奋的,勤奋的,勤勉的:diligent, studious, industrious 

10. serious:认真的,认真的,谨慎的:conscientious, cautious

11. calm:平静的,冷静的,清醒的:sober, reasonable, sensible, rational

12. clever:聪明的,聪明的,有才智的:intelligent, bright, wise, brilliant, smart, ingenious

13. tired:累的,疲惫不堪的:exhausted, fatigued, run-down, worn-out, weary

14. be used to : 适应,适应:be adapted to, be accustomed to , be adjusted to 

15. stop:阻止,阻碍,阻止:hinder, curb, hamper, restrain, prevent, ward off, avoid

16. 好处:good side   坏处:bad side,好处,优点:advantage, merit, benefit

坏处,缺点:disadvantage, defect, flaw, drawback, deficiency

17. join:参加,参加:participate in , attend, take part in, go in for, engage in 

18. pay one's attention to:注意集中精力于,专心于:focus on, center on, concentrate on, set one's mind on, be lost in, be occupied in, be attentive on

19. depend on:依赖,依靠,依赖,依靠:rely on, lean on  

20. ability = capability 

21. aim = objective

22. always = invariably

23. ancient = archaic

24. angry = enraged

25. appear = emerge

26. arrest = detention

27. attack = assault

28. attractive =  fascinating

29. avoid = shun

30. bad = decayed

31. bear = tolerate

32. beautiful = elegant

33. best = optimal 

34. big = massive

35. blame = condemn 

36. boring = tedious

37. brave = bold 

38. brief = concise

39. build = construct 

40. busy = occupied 

41. buy = purchase 

42. careful = cautious

43. catch = capture 

44. change = convert 

45. clean = purified 

46. clever = intelligent 

47. cold = chilly 

48. common = universal 

49. danger = peril 

50. dangerous = hazardous 

51. difficult = burdensome 

52. difficulty = challenge 

53. dislike = disgust 

54. enlarge = magnify 

55. expensive = costly 

56. fair = impartial 

57. fame = prestige 

58. famous = distinguished 

59. field = domain 

60. force = compel 

61. forever = perpetual 

62. form = constitute 

63. free = liberal 

64. good = beneficial 

65. greatly = increasingly 

66. hot = boiling 

67. lonely = solitary 

68. method = approach 

69. near = adjacent 

70. nowadays = currently 

71. obey = comply with 

72. obvious = apparent 

73. only = unique 

74. opinion = standpoint 

75. part = component 

76. partner = associate 

77. poor = pathetic 

78. possible = feasible 

79. problem = issue 

80. quite = fairly 

81. rapid = swift 

82. result = consequence 

83. rich = abundant 

84. ruin = devastate 

85. run = chase 

86. sharp = acute 

87. short = deficient 

88. show = demonstrate 

89. so = consequently 

90. stop = cease 

91. strange = weird 

92. top = peak 

93. ugly = hideous 

94. use = utilize 

95. vague = obscure 

96. wet = humid 

97. whole = entire

98. wrong = erroneous 

99. smelly = unpleasant 

100. surprise = startle 

二,英语四六级734条高频词组笔记

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。 

2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在 

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed i  n 全神贯注于…近be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on  ; be focused on ; be centered on  

5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 

7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,  

8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主 动地 

9. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同….不一致 

10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 

11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 

12. on one’s own account  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.  

13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 

14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)  

15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.  

16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.  

17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)  

18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.  

20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially  ) 熟悉 

21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 

22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 

23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)  

24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 

27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 

28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;  

29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.  

30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.  

31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.  

32. have an advantage over 胜过.  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事 

33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.  

34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 

35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 

36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.  

37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.  

38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.  

39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 

40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.  

41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 .  

42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.  

43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.  

44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.  

45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for  

46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 

47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 

48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.  

49. apply to 与…有关;适用 

50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 

51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.  

52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做…  

53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);  

54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…  为羞耻 

55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.  

56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结 

57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…  

58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 

59. attitude to toward …对…的态度.看法 

60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果 

61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 

62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.  

63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 

64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.  

65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one ’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台 

66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 

67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)  

68. be based on  upon 基于 

69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 

70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢 

71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)  

72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 

73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.  

74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.  

75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)  

76. for the better 好转 

77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.  

78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 

79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 

80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)  

81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 

82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 

83. out of breath 喘不过气来 

84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 

85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 

86. take the floor 起立发言 

87. on business 出差办事.  

88. be busy with sth.于某事 。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 

89. last but one 倒数第二.  

90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 

91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买 

92. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的 

93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost  , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 

94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;  

95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 

96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)  

97. be cautious of 谨防 

98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 

99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.  

100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 

101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 

102. for a change换换环境(花样等)  

103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…  

104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)  in the charge of …由…管 

105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)  

106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…  

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地 

108. comment on 评论 

109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee  把某事交给委员会讨论 

110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.  be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的 

111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.  

112. compare…with … 把…与…比较 

113. compare…to… 把…比作…  

114. by comparison 比较起来 

115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来 

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate  sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补 

117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)  

118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从 

119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想 

120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心 

121. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关 

122. concern oneself about  with 关心 

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束时;  

124. condemn sb. to 判决 

125. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然 for all that = although 尽管 

126. in  out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit  not fit) 健康状况好不好. in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态 

127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行.  

128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖 

129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 对…有信心 

130. confidence in sb.  sth. 对…的信赖 

131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的 

132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内 

133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)  

134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with照…办; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to按..做 

135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临 

136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺 

137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,  

138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道 

139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意 

140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果 

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果 

142. under consideration 在考虑中 

143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于 

144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不 

145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去 

146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的 

147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致 

148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的 ,  

149. consult sb. on about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教 

150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快 

151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事 

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反 

153. on the contrary 相反 

154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)  

155. in contrast towith 和…形成对比by contrast 对比之下 

156. contribute to 有助于 

157. under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制 

158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点.be convenient to  for 对…方便 

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)  使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…  

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理 

161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round  the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境 

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信 

163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致 

164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of 以…为代价 

165. a matter of course 理所当然的事 

166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地 

167. in (during) the course 在…过程中 

168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候 

169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣 

170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的 

171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病 

172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险 

173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止 

174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)  

175. deal with (=concern) 论及 

176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债 

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加 

178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴 to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;  

179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐 

180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐 

181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西 

182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时 

183. be dependent on 依靠 

184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物 

185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于 

186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望 

187. in despair 绝望 

188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管 

189. in detail 详细地 

190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办 

191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食 

192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…  

193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,  

194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除 

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;  in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪 

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列 

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉 

198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议 

199. in dispute 在争议中 

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出 

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同 

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别 

203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开 

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 

205. have…to do with 与…有关系 

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地 

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 

208. be due to 是由于 

209. come off duty 下班 

210. go on duty 上班 

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时 

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做)  

213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望 

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱 

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力 

216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话 

217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然 

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力 

219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束 

220. put sb. at his  her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束 

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省 

222. have an effect on 对…有影响 

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效 

224. go into effect 生效. ( 近come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)  

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上 

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效 

227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果 

228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效 

229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…  

230. to that effect 是那个意思的…  

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)  

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上 

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲 

234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事 

235. on end (=continuously) 连续地 

236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了 

237. no end of (=very manymuch) 很多,大量 

238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终 

239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽 

240. end up with 以…而结束 

241. come to and end (=finish) 结束 

242. end in 以…为结束 

243. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事 

244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加 

245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等) 

246. enter on upon (=begin) 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等) 

247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… 

248. be equal to 等于 

249. be feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地 

250. be equipped with 装备有,装有 

251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于 

252. in essence (=in itsone’s nature) 本质上 

253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何 

254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样 

255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but 连用) 

256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时 

257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有.. 

258. except (=but) 除了。 

259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外 

260. (an) exception to …的例外 

261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外 

262. in excess of (=more than) 超过 

263. exchange…for 以…交换 

264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括 

265. in excuse of 作为…的借口 

266. exert…on… 对…施加… 

267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲 

268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; come into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花; 

269. (be) in existence存在come into existence 出现 

270. expect…of 在…期望… 

271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲 

272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险) 

273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到…. 

274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的 

275. give expression to 表达, 表现find expression in 表现 

276. to …extent 在…程度上 

277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其 

278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人) 

279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见 

280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中 

281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间 

282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视 

283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里 

284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来 

285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况) 

286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向 

287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败 

288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地 

289. keep faith with 对…守信用 

290. lose faith in 对…失去信心 

291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地 

292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚 

293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯 

294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于 

295. familiar with 熟悉,了解 

296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要 

297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢 

298. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用) 

299. far from 远远不是 

300. far from 非但不…(而且) 

301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行 

302. after the fashion (of) 依照… 

303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵 

304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错 

305. in favour of 赞成 

306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱; 

out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠 

307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利 

308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的 

309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心 

310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕 

311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心 

312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养 

313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了 

314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要 

315. fill in 填写 

316. fill out ( =fill in )填写 

317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就 

318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事 

319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火 

320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见 

321. for the first time 第一次(作状语) 

322. in the first place 首先, 第一 

323. fit into 刚好放入 

324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致 

325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合 

326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上focus sth. on 把…集中在…上 

327. be fond of 喜欢 

328. (be) in force 有效, 实施 

329. go into force 开始生效 

330. by force 靠武力, 强行 

331. force…on 把…强加给… 

332. in the form of 以…形式 

333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气 

334. free of charge 免费 

335. be freed from 免受, 没有… 

336. in front of 在…前面in the front of 在…前部 

337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供 

338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常 

339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一 眼(强调动作) 

340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好 

341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等) 

342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地 

343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 把…认为理所当然的. 

344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人 

345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于… 

346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空 

347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕(be) on guard 站岗 

348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止guard…against 警卫…防止 

349. guess at 猜, 估计 

350. by guess 靠猜 

351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失 

352. be in the habit of 习惯于 

353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯) 

354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯) 

355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯 

356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住 

357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近) 

358. by hand 用手工(做) 

359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作 

360. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住 

361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责 

362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃 

363. at the head of 在…的前头 

364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进 

365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过 

366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上 

367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上 

368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵) 

369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地 

370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意 

371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做 

372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday 

373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束 ,熟悉 

374. be honest in诚实 

375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念 

376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保 

377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有 

378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是 

379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地 

380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同 

381. be identified with 被视为与…等同 

382. in ignorance of 不知道… 

383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道 

384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响 

385. impose…on 把…强加给 

386. impress…on 给…留下印象 

387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象 

388.under the impression that有..的印象,认为 

389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好 

390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些 

391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转 

392. include…in 把…列在…里面 

393. inclusive of 把…包括在内 

394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的 

395. indicative of 表明, 说明 

396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎 

397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to比… 好 

398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉 

399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的 

400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要 (大学生励志网

401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是… 

402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人… 

403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证 

404. insure…against 保险…以防 

405. intend…for 打算把…给 

406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决 

407. in the interests of 符合…的利益be interested in 对…感兴趣 

408. interfere in干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰 

409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离 

410. intervene in 干预 

411. invest in 投资 

412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加 

413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己 

414. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然 

415. be jealous of 妒忌 

416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受, 

417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责 

418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低. 

419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望 

420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视 

421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人 

422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知 

423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上at large(=at full length; with details)详细地 

424. lean against (背)靠着… 

425. at least 至少; at most 至多 

426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不) 

427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候 

428. lend itselfthemselves to适合于(某用途) 

429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地 

430. go to any length想一切办法, 尽一切力量 

431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚) 

432. be liable for 对…应负责任的 

433. lie in 在于 

434. in life 一生中 

435. for life 终身 

436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据 

437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明 

438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致 

439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到 

440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中) 

441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后. 

442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说) 

443. (be) at a loss 不知所措 

444.major in 主修(某课程) 

445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是 

446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切. (=certainly) 当然行;by means of用…; by no means 完全不, 决不 

447. on memory of 为纪念… 

448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中 

449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事 

450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下 

451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱 

452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记 

453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起 

454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地 

455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在for the moment (=for the time being)暂时just a moment 稍等片刻at the last moment 在最后一刻 

456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做. 

457. no more…than 和…一样都不… 

458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说 

459. at (the) most 最多, 至多 

460. make the most of 充分利用 

461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的… be something of 有点…,像… 

462. name after 用…的名字命名 

463. native to 所产的 

464. by nature 天生的, 生来 

465. in mature 本质上 

466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质 

467. none other that 不是别人,正是… 

468. above normal 高于正常(温度) 

469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费 

470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已 

471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说… 

472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备 

473. until further notice 在另行通知前 

474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意 

475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对 

476. objection to (接动名词) 反对 

477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时 

478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于 

479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事) 

480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到… 

481. once and for all =once and forever永远地all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔(just) for once 就这一次 

482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助) 

483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术operation n. come go into operation开始运转putbring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转 

484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法 

485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法 

486. be opposed to… 反对… 

487. be opposite to 与…相反的 

488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障 

489. made to order 定做的(衣服) 

490. originate infrom(=begin)起源于,由..引起 

491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊 

492. owe…to 把…归于… 

493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独 

494. of one’s own某人自己的 

495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进 

496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力 

497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉 

498. participate in (=take part in)参加 

499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿) 

500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其 

501. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情 

502. be patient with 对…耐心 

503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚 

504. pay…for 付…的钱 

505. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安 

506. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的 

507. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金 

508. perform on the piano(=play the piano) 演奏钢琴 

509. persist in 坚持,固执 

510. in person 亲自, 当面 

511. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方 

512. in place of (=instead of) 代替 

513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事 

514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做 

515. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要 

516. come to the point 谈主要问题 

517. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事 

518. to the point 中肯, 切题 

519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明 

520. popular withamong大众所喜爱的,拥戴 

521. in the position of 处在…位置上 

522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语) 

523. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练 

524. bring(put)…into practice使…成为现实 

525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢 

526. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭prepare breakfast 作早饭 

527. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下 

528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at present 现在,此刻 

529. preside over at 主持(会议,业务等) 

530. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜 

531. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做 

532. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前 

533. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪 

534. pride oneself on upon 以…自豪 

535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上 

536. prior to (=before) 在…之前 

537. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地in public 公开地 

538. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生) 

539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行 

540. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中 

541. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止 

542. in proportion to 与…成比例 

543. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受 

544. be proud of 为…自豪 

545. provide for 为…做准备 

546. in public 公开地, 当众 

547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意 

548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的 

549. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格be qualified for 在某种职业上合格 

550. call…in question 对…表示怀疑 

551. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问 

552. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的 

553. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的; 

554. without question 毫无疑问 

555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了 

556. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地 

557. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括 

558. range between 范围在..与..之间不等 

559. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之 

560. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解) 

561. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,能拿到 

562. react to 对…作出反应 

563. react on upon 对…产生影响 

564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应 

565. (be) ready for 准备好做… 

566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上 

567. beyond all reason 没有道理的 

568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为 

569. it stands to reason that …理所当然 

570. reason with (=argue) 劝说 

571. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字(be) get out of red 不再亏损 

572. refer to…as 把…称做… 

573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交 

574.within reference to(=concerning, about)关于 

575. within regard to (=concerning)有关,关于 

576. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候 

577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of) 不顾,不考虑 

578. inwith relation to 关于, 有关 

579. relevant to 与…有关的 

580. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是 

581. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退 

582. rely on 依靠, 信赖 

583. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论 

584. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物 

585. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起 

586. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中 

587. reply to 答复, 回答 

588.beyond reproach不受责备的;beyond(all) reason毫无道理;beyond question毫无疑 问;beyond belief以相信;beyond hope绝望 

589. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于… resort to force 诉诸于武力 

590. inwith respect to (=concerning)有关,关于 

591. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效 

592. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应 

593. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因 

594. rest onupon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托 

595. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠 

596. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不.. 

597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于.. 

598. result in (=cause) 导致 

599. with the result that 其结果是 

600. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for) 

601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去 

602.be in the right正确的;in the wrong错误的 

603. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做) 

604. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致 

605. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险 

606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)的风险 

607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate) 排除 

608. in safety 安全地 

609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of ) 为了…起见 

610. be for sale 待售 

611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市 

612. be satisfied with 满意 

613. on a large scale 大规模地 

614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule提前; in advance预先;behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间 

615. be schedule for 定在某时(进行) 

616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过 

617. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始 (大学生励志网

618. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of为…的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持… 

619. in season 旺季 

620. in secret 秘密地; in private 私下 

621. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻; superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差 

622. in a sense 在某种意义上 

623. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational耸人听闻的 

624. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序 

625. share in (=have a share in) 分摊, 分担 

626. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用 

627. be shocked at by 对…感到震惊 

628. fall short of 达不到 

629. go short of (=be without enough of) 缺乏 

630. for short (in a short form) 为简便,简称 

631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称 

632. in short supply 供应不足 

633. be short of (=lacking enough)缺乏,不够 

634. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思 

635. at the side of 与…相比 

636. take the side of 站在…一边 

637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见 

638. at the sight of 一看见… 

639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible) 看得见out of sight 看不见 

640. know sb. by sight 与…只面熟 

641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地 

642. smell of 有…的气味 

643. be sorry aboutfor 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的 

644. speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话 

645. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻 

646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管 

647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或(=at once) 立即 

648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对take a stand for 采取某种立场支持… 

649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着 

650. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐 

651. stick sth. on 把…贴在…上 

652. stick to 粘着, 坚持 

653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work 坚持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书 

654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)坚持; stick to one’s promise 比喻食言stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友 

655. in stock 有….货 

656. be strict with 对…严格要求 

657. bego on strike 罢工 

658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到subject (adj.) to 易受到…的 

659. submit…to 提交 

660. substitute…for 以…代替… 

661. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛 

662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适…的 

663. in sum 大体上, 总之 

664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物 

665. superior to 优于…, 比…好 

666. in support of 以便支持 

667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)确信的 

668. for sure certain (certainly, definitely) 肯定地.有把握地说 

669. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实 

670. be surprised at对..惊奇;take…by surprise使…惊奇; to one’s surprise使某人惊奇 

671. suspect sb. of 疑心某犯有… 

672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心 

673. by sympathetic totowards对…同情,赞同 

674. sympathize with sb. or sth. 对…表示同情 

675. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情 

676. taste of 有…味道 

677. in good taste大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste 

678. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意 

679. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出 

680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面 

681. be on goodbad terms with 关系好(不好) 

682. thank sb. for sth. 因…感谢某人 

683. think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起 

684. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后 

685. be through with (=finish with) 做好,完成 

686. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经 

687. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代 

behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点 

688. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时 

689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时 

on time (=punctually) 准时 

690. at no time 无论何时也不… in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上 

691. at times (=occasionally) 间或, 时常at all times (=always) 始终, 总是 

692. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时 

693. on top of 在…上面 

694. in total (=all have been added up) 总计 

695. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触 

696. be true of适合于…的;be true to 忠于… 

697. to trust …to 把…委托给 

698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖 

699. in truth 事实上, 实在 

700. by turns 轮换地 

701. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次 

702. be typical of 是…的特点 

703. for use 以便使用 

704. be in use (=be used)被使用; be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使用 

705. be used to+名词或动名词 习惯于used to+动词原形 过去常常(做) 

706. be unprepared for 对…无准备的 

707. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳 

708. be valid for 对…有效的 

709. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约 

710. with a view to +动名词(=in order to do sth.) 以…为目的 

711. in view (=in sight) 看得见 

712. in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意思 

713. byin virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力量 

714. a warning against 告诫…不要a warning of 警告…存在… 

715. (be) on the watch for不断监视看有没有.. 

(be) on the watch against不断监视为防范… 

716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍 

717. (be)under way (=moving forward)正进行 

718. by way of (=by going through) 经由,取道 

719. by the way(=in addition)顺带地(转移话题) 

720. in no way 无论怎样也不… 

721. in the way 对…方式 

722. in a way 从某种程度上说 

723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论 

724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说 

725. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地 

726. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物 

727. “with+名词+分词” 构成复合结构,作状语 

728. word for word (=literally) 逐字地 

729. in a word总之;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; have words with sb.争吵;have the last word有决定权; keep one’s word 遵守诺言 

730. work out ideas 出主意;work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;work out a 

problem解决问题;work out a puzzle解谜 

731. at the thought of一想到…worry about担心 

732. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下 

733. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从 

734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上, 配得上 

 

三、英语四六级考试作文模版

1)先背3个句子

1 Nowadays with the rapid development of advanced ……., more and more…..  are commonly and widely used in everyday life.(讲重要性)

2 The popularity of digital …will have great influence on our work, study and everyday life. On the one hand …,  But on the other hand.(讲影响)

3To conclude,  …..are just like a double-edged sword. With them we may have less trouble dealing with problems in life and enjoy a better-off life. However, one point should be kept in mind that we should take sensible use of them , always being the master of them.(结尾段)

Ps:灵活运用第1句和第2句,根据不同模板自由组合。

2)模板(2个模板)

1 开头段:先讲重要性,然后转讲不好的地方。
  中间段:措施
  结尾段:先来个小转折再进入总结

开头段Nowadays with the rapid development of advanced ……., more and more…..  are commonly and widely used in everyday life. However, what worries most of us is that……
中间段Firstly….Secondly…..Lastly but in no means least……
结尾段To conclude,  …..are just like a double-edged sword. With them we may have less trouble dealing with problems in life and enjoy a better-off life. However, one point should be kept in mind that we should take sensible use of them , always being the master of them.

2 开头段:先讲重要性,然后转讲争论
  中间段:转折(即列出两种不同人的观点)
  结尾段:直接进入总结(即你的观点)

开头段:It is accepted that …. Plays a significant part for both …, and what’s more , a lot of attention is being drawn to the change of….. However, whether … deserves such an attention , people’s ideas vary.
中间段:On the one hand, some people hold the view that …..
        On the other hand, a great many people insist that….
结尾段:From my perspective, however…. (你的观点) . Therefore, it’s time that (措施之类的)



4、6级作文万能句子(补充在”…..”里面的万能句子,自己琢磨每个句子放在哪里比较适合)
重点背:1)5)6)7)句子,最好全部都被过一遍,自己琢磨怎么用。
1)Sth will make our life more enjoyable, that is to say, sth can add color to the dull routine of every day life. 。。。能让我们的生活更美好,也就是说,。。。可以给我们枯燥的生活带来色彩

2)For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment 对于很多人来说,学习一门新技术占据了他们的生活和充实了他们的生活。

3)。。。。。, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time for boredom. 。。。占据了某人大部分时间,使得某人没空想东想西(充实了某人生活)

4)What's more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work. 住校为学生省去了不少时间,这样学生可以把更多的时间用在学习上 

5)Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. 
  一点一滴,这样做可以丰富我们的知识和拓宽我们的视野
6)For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.对于想过一种有意义的人来说,抽空学习一门新技术很重要

7)The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.兼职可以让学生们学习个人技巧,这样可以在找工作时更有竞争力

8)By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.学生不仅可以提高学习成绩,还可以获得在课本上学不到的工作经验

9)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.

10)1Sth can produce positive effects on …in more than one way.什么东西可带来好影响
2Sth may bring about negative impacts on …什么东西可带来不好的影响

四、大学英语四六级词汇超强记忆法则

1. able adj. 能够;有能力的,能干的
  【示例1】明天他能来。He will be able to come tomorrow.
  【示例2】约翰史密斯的确是位能干的工程师。John Smith is really an able engineer.
  【示例3】由于他病了,他不能来了。He is not able // unable to come since he is ill.
  【比较】be able to和can:can只有现在时和过去时(could)两种形式,没有完成时和将来时,在shall, will, have等后面要用be able to;can不能和be able to连用;can表示客观上具有的能力,但不一定去做,而be able to表示人通过努力或各种手段可以达到的能力;在过去时中,could表示具有能力,但不一定做了,而was/were able to则表示成功地做了。
  【示例4】我们将能够按时到达那里。We shall be able to get there on time.
  【示例5】我没能找到丢失的钢笔。I haven’t been able to find my missing pen.
  【示例6】他能够从火里逃脱出来,但是他没能逃出来。He could escape from the fire, but he wasn’t able to.
  【示例7】He was ill, but he was still able to get a high mark in the test.他虽然病了,但还是能在考试中得高分。
  2. about prep. 关于;在…附近,在…周围;adv. 大约;在四处,在周围
  【示例1】告诉我一些关于你英语学习的情况。Tell me something about your English study.
  【示例2】老人住在这附近某个地方。The old man lives somewhere about here.
  【示例3】我们要在房子四周种树。We will plant trees about the house.
  【示例4】继续搜查这个地方,他一定就在附近。Keep on searching this place. He must be somewhere about.
  【示例5】最后我们发现需要大约200本书。At last we find that we need about 200 books.
  【示例6】让我们四处走走,好吗?Let’s walk about, shall we?
  【词组与短语】be about to即将;How about…? What about…?…怎么样?
  【示例7】我们正要走,突然天下起雨来了。We were about to go when it suddenly rained.
  【示例8】陪我出去散散步怎么样?How/What about going out for a walk with me?
  【示例9】我吃过午饭了,你呢?I’ve had my lunch. How/What about you?
  3. above adj. 上面的;prep. 在…上面;超出
  【示例1】他就住在楼上的房间里。He just lives in the room above.
  【示例2】这只鸟能飞得比云彩还高。This bird can fly above the cloud.
  【示例3】天气预报说,今天得气温在零度以上。The weather report said the temperature was above 0℃today.
  【词组与短语】above all最重要的
  【示例】最重要的是工作必须在九点以前由我们自己独立完成。Above all, the work must be finished before nine by ourselves.
  4. baby n. 婴儿,小宝宝(C)
  【示例】别弄出任何声音来。小宝宝在摇篮里睡着了。Don’t make any noise. The baby is sleeping in the cradle.
  5. back adj. 后面的,在后面的;adv. 向后;n. 背部,后背,后面(C)
  【示例1】房子里面有后门吗?Is there a back door in the house?
  【示例2】我们现在该回到学校了。We have to go back to our school now.
  【示例3】汤姆坐在教室的后面。Tom sits at the back of the classroom.
  6. backache n. 背痛(U)
  【示例】我后背疼得厉害。I have a bad backache.
  7. cabbage n. 卷心菜,洋白菜(C&U)
  【示例】西红柿,卷心菜,豌豆,你最喜欢什么?Which do you like (the) best, tomatoes, cabbages, or peas?
  【注意事项】tomato的复数加es,此外还有hero,potato;cabbage一般情况下是可数名词,但在作菜肴讲时,是不可数名词,切记!例如:请吃点洋白菜。Please have some cabbage.
  8. café n. 咖啡馆,小餐馆(快捷餐馆)(C)
  【示例】我们午饭通常是在附近的一家小餐馆里吃。We usually have our lunch at a nearby café.
  9. cake n. 蛋糕(C&U)
  【示例】我饿了,请给我带点蛋糕来。I’m hungry. Please bring me some cakes.
  【注意事项】同样道理:cake平时是可数名词,但具体指吃的时候就视作不可数名词了。例如:我买了三个蛋糕。I bought three cakes.再例如:请再多吃点蛋糕。Please have some more cake.
  10. daily adj. 每天的,日常的;adv. 每天,日常地;n. 日报(C)
  【示例1】在我们的日常生活中我们经常需要用英语。We often need to use English in our daily life.
  【示例2】她每天两次去那里。She goes there twice daily.
  【示例3】这条新闻刊登在所有的日报上。This news is in all the dailies.

五、补完初中,高中英语所有语法!

10来节课补完初中,高中英语所有语法!

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图片 三张幻灯片就将时态讲得非常全面深刻,把初一到高三的所有时态用一

节课讲得清清楚楚,且让学生滚瓜烂熟,运用自如,这是一个非常巨大的创

新,之所以能够实现是因为抓住了时态的本质。时态一共16种,传统教育学一

种就要花约5-10节课,学完要花100多节课,且要分为中学六年来学习,这是

一个极大的错误,因为口语中每一种时态都可能用到。而且老师把本来特别

简单的问题弄得很复杂,以至于学生学了还是云里雾里。我的方法一针见血,

直击本质。不但一节课深刻理解,而且还能灵活运用到口语中。敢问世界还有

谁能做到如此神奇效果。想了解是怎样实现的。请看日志《如何让学生在一节

课之内学完16种时态》,看了我是如何做到的也就非常相信了。
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不但承诺在10来节课补完,补好初中,高中英语所有语法知识,而且讲解细化

到了这种程度,实属非常罕见。


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一张幻灯片总结清楚冠词的主要用法,熟练掌握冠词只需5分钟不到。

 

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高中生普遍学不好虚拟语气,有的学了几年也没能弄清楚,可是到了我这儿,

只需两句话10分钟就讲得清清楚楚!!

 


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四级,专升本写作中你绝对会用到的词

一.英文写作中表示起承转合的词语

1.       表示“起”

At present  现在,当今     in the first place 首先,第一

Nowadays  现在           above all  最重要的是

Presently   现在;此刻     in general  一般来说

In recent years 近年来       generally speaking 一般地说

Recently/lately  最近        on the whole 总的来说

Currently   最近,目前     for one thing;;;(for another) 首先,其次

First(ly)第一               at first(最初)

On the one hand…(on the other hand) 一方面,另一方面

To begin/start with首先,第一  

The former…(the later)前者…(后者)

First of all 首先,第一

2.       表示“承”

Later 后来    such as 正如    then然后     for this purpose为了这个目的

Soon 不久    in other words 换句话说       after/after that/afterwards此后

At any rate无论如何                        incidentally顺便提一句

Also/too/as well又,也                      particularly特别地

At the same time同时                       in particular 特别(地)

By this time此时                           furthermore/moreover而且,此外

Certainly当然                             what is more而且,此外

Besides 此外                              in addition (to)此外

Second(ly)第二                          obviously明显地

Third(ly)第三                           in the same way同样地

For another 其次                           similarly同样地

The latter 后来                            following 接下来的

3.       表示“转”

However 然而            anyway无论如何       but但是        otherwise否则

Yet然而,但是           at the same time同时,然而              while 然而

In fact/indeed事实上       as a matter of fact事实上                instead 然而

Especially特别地          no doubt 无疑地                   regardless of 不管,不顾

Conversely相反地         nevertheless不过,仍然             in/by contrast对比之下

On the contrary 相反地     though/although尽管,虽然          otherwise否则

Even if/even though 即使   luckily/fortunately幸运地            despite/in spite of 尽管

Unfortunately 不幸地      after all 毕竟      

4.       表示“合”

As has been noted如前所述    to sum up 简而言之    as I have said 如我所述

To summarize简而言之       by and large 一般说来  all in all 总之

Consequently因此           in conclusion总之,最后

Hence因此                 at last最后

Therefore因此              eventually最后

Thus因此                  finally最后

As a consequence因此        on the whole 总体来说,整个看来

As a result 结果             to speak frankly坦白地说

Accordingly于是          to conclude总而言之

Briefly简单扼要地        no doubt毫无疑问

In brief简言之            undoubtedly无疑

In a word总之            surely无疑

In short简而言之          obviously显然

In sum 总之,简而言之    certainly当然地,无疑地

In summary简要地说      at length最后,终于

二.英文写作中逻辑关系词语 大学生励志网www.ggdxc.com

因果关系:because, account for, contribute to, so, since, as, therefore, because of , due to, thus, thereby, owing to, hence, thanks to, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result, lead to, as a result in/from, as a consequence, result, reason, be responsible for, for that/this reason

解释关系:namely, in other words, that is , which means/that means, that is to say, that implies

递进关系:even, furthermore, additionally, more importantly, in addition, what’s more, besides, even worse, moreover, what’s more

比较关系:equally, on the contrary, in comparison with, in contrast, in the same way, while, in contrast to, whereas, the same…as, as…as.

选择关系:or, not…but, alternatively, whether…or(not), rather than, neither…nor, instead of , either…or

列举或举例关系:as follows, including, a case in point, to illustrate, for example, let’s look at, for instance, take a look at, for another example, first/firstly(second/secondly),(Let’s)take…as an example    some…,other…, still other…

给陌生人送上你的微笑吧

大学英语四级考试流程-

 8:50---9:00试音时间-

  9:00---9:10播放考场指令,发放作文考卷-

  9:10取下耳机,开始作文考试-

  9:35发放含有快速阅读的试题册(但9:40才允许开始做)-

  9:40---9:55做快速阅读-

  9:55---10:00收答题卡一(即作文和快速阅读)-

  9:55---10:00重新戴上耳机,试音寻台,准备听力考试-

  10:00开始听力考试,电台开始放音-

  听力结束后完成剩余考项。-

  11:20全部考试结束。-

注释:-

1,标准分满分710分=听力248.5+阅读248.5+综合测试106.5+写作106.5。-

-

2,从听力、阅读部分的换算表可以看出,错前两分的时候,标准分扣分严重,1分扣10.5分,错到第3分的时候,标准分扣分有所降低-7分,扣到10分以后,标准分扣分就更低(3分),可见,标准分换算目的是把同学的成绩档次拉开,让特别优秀的同学脱颖而出,要想总分取得630分以上,必须保证很高的正确率,卷面扣的前几分在标准分的权重相当大。这也就解释了为什么考630分以上的同学这么少!据换算,要考630分,阅读和听力部分卷面每部分扣分在3分左右。-

-

3,综合测试的分数权重不大,卷面错1分在标准分中扣的分也相对较少,而且完型填空题量大,得分率不高,在考场上建议大家不要把完型填空耗费掉太多的时间,得不偿失!-

-

4. 当你拿到成绩单,上面写着290,那么恭喜你,你的卷面成绩为0分。如果425+,就算顺利通过啦

 

单词篇:100个六级高频词,四级必考词

一、100个高频词汇。-

1 accelerate vt. (使)加速,增速-

【例】accelerate the rate of economic growth -

加速经济增长-

【派】acceleration n. 加速accelerating a.加速的-

2 account n. 账户、考虑-

【考】take sth. into account 把…考虑在内-

3 accustom vt.使习惯-

【考】be accustomed to -

4 adapt vi. 适应-

【考】adapt to…适应-

5 adjust vi.适应-

【考】adjust to...适应… -

6 advocate vt. 宣扬-

7 affluent a.富裕的-

【派】affluence n.富裕-

8 annoy vt.使烦恼, 使恼怒-

【派】annoying a. 令人恼人的; -

annoyance n. 烦恼; -

?annoyed a.颇为生气的-

9 ascribe vt.把…归咎于-

【考】ascribe..to 归因于-

10 assess vt.评估-

【派】assessment n. 评估-

11 assign vt.指派,选派;分配,布置(作业)-

【派】assignment 作业-

12 assume vt.假象、假定-

13 attain vt.获得-

【考】attain one's ideal 达到理想-

14 attribute vt. 把…归因于-

【考】attribute sth.? to 把...归咎于-

15 attribute vt.归咎于-

【考】be attributed to? attribute sth. to … -

16 automatically ad. 自动地-

17 boost vt.提高,推动,使增长n. 推动,增长-

【例】boost the economy 推动经济增长-

【派】booster n.支持者,推动器-

18 brilliant a.光辉的、辉煌的-

【派】brilliance n. -

19 collaborate vi.合作-

【考】collaborate with. sb. -

20 comprehensive a. 综合的-

【考】综合性大学-

21 conscious a. 有意识的-

【考】be conscious of sth. 对…有意识-

22 conserve vt.保存、节省-

【考】conserve energy 保护能源-

23 considerate a. 考虑周到的-

24 contribute vt.贡献-

【考】contribute to 导致、带来、为…贡献-

25 convenient a.方便的n.convenience 方便-

26 convey vt.传达-

27 cooperate vt.合作-

【考】cooperative a.合作的-

28 coordinate vt.合作-

29 cultivate vt.培养-

30 derive vt. 出自、源于-

【考】derive from … -

31 despair vi.绝望; n. 绝望-

【考】despair of 绝望; sb. be in despair 某人处于绝望中-

32 disapprove vt. 不批准、不赞同-

【派】disapproval n. 不赞同-

【考】express strong disapproval -

33 dismiss vt.撤销、免职-

【考】be dismissed by one's company 被公司解雇-

34 distinguish vt.辨别-

【派】distinguished a.? 突出的-

35 distribute vt.分配、分发-

【考】distribution n.分配、分发-

36 dominate vt. 支配、统治-

【考】male-dominated society 男性主导社会-

37 embarrass vt.使窘迫, 使尴尬; -

【派】embarrassed a.(某人)尴尬的; -

embarrassment n. 沮丧-

embarrassing a. (某事)令人尴尬的-

38 employ vt. 雇佣;使用-

【考】in the employ of 受雇于-

【派】employer n. 雇主;employee n.雇员-

employment n. 雇佣, 工作unemployment n. 失业-

39 engage vt. 从事、订婚-

【考】be engaged in sth. 从事… -

40 enhance vt.加强-

41 enroll vt.注册、使…入会-

【派】enrollment -

42 evacuate vt. 撤走、疏散-

43 evaluate vt.评价、估计-

【派】evaluation n. -

44 evaluate vt.评价、估计-

45 excessive a.过度的-

46 frustrate vt.使沮丧, 使灰心-

【派】frustration n. 挫折; frustrating a. 令人沮丧的-

47 genetic a.遗传的-

48 guarantee vt. 保证-

49 identify vt.鉴别、验明-

【考】idenfity theft 辨别偷窃-

50 immigrate vt. 移民-

【派】immigrant n.移民immigration -

51 implement vt.实施-

【派】implementation n. -

52 incline vi.倾向-

【考】be inclined to do sth. 倾向于做某事-

53 inferior a.下级的、下等的-

【考】be inferior to 比…低级-

54 injure vt. 受伤-

【派】injured a.受伤的; injury n. 受伤-

55 inquire vi. 询问-

56 instinct n.本能、直觉-

【考】human instinct 人类本能-

57 integrate vt. 使结合、使一体化-

【派】integral a.一体的;integration n.一体-

【考】as an integral whole 作为一个整体global economic integration 全球经济一体化-

58 internship n.实习-

59 inverse a.倒转的、反转的-

60 justify vt.证明…是正当的-

61 launch vt. 发射、开展-

【考】launch the spacecraft 发射飞船launch a movement 发起一项运动-

62 negative a.消极的-

63 notify vt.通知、告诉-

【派】notification n. -

64 obligation n.? 责任、义务-

【考】legal obligation? 法律责任-

65 obstacle n.障碍-

66 optimistic a. 乐观的-

【考】be optimistic about sth.对…很乐观-

67 originate vt.由…产生-

【考】originate from 由…产生-

68 overcome vt.战胜, 克服-

【例】overcome difficulties 克服困难-

69 phenomenon n.现象-

70 positive a.积极的-

71 potential a.潜在的-

【考】potential customer 潜在客户-

72 preferable a. 更好的-

73 prevail vt.压倒、胜过-

【派】prevailling a. 流行的-

74 priority n. 优先-

【考】sth. is the top priority 优先考虑… -

75 proceed vi.进行、着手-

76 prompt vt.刺激、推动-

【考】prompt sb. to do sth. -

77 proportion n.比例-

【派】proportional a.相应的、成比例的-

78 pursue vt. 追求-

【派】pursuit n. 追求-

【考】pursue one's dream -

79 qualify vt. (使)胜任,(使)具有资格-

【考】qualify for sth. 使具有…的资格-

【派】qualification n.资格,条件;qualified a.有资格的-

80 recommend vt.推荐-

81 reference n.参考-

82 remind vt.提醒某人注意-

【考】be reminded of sth. -

83 relevant a. 有关的,切题的-

【考】be relevant to 与…有关-

【派】relevance n. 有关,相关;irrelevant a. 不相关的;不切题的-

84 restore vt. 恢复、修复-

【考】restore reputation 恢复名誉-

85 restrain vt.遏制-

【考】be restrained to do sth. -

86 resume n.简历-

87 reverse vt.颠倒、反转-

88 sacrifice vt.牺牲-

89 starvation n.饿死-

90 submit vt. 提交-

【考】submit sth. to sb. 把…提交给某人-

91 subsidy n.津贴、补助-

【考】provide subsidy for sb. 为…提供津贴-

92 superior a.高级的、高等的-

【考】be superior to 比…高级-

93 survive vt.幸免于… -

【考】survive sth. 从…中幸免-

94 transmit vt. 传播-

95 tropical a.热带的-

96 undertake vt. 承担,着手做;保证,同意-

【考】undertake sth. 从事… -

【派】undertaking n.事业,任务-

97 vanish vi. 消失-

98 victim n. 受害者-

99 visiable a.可看见的-

100 vision vt. 视力、眼光–

二、四级高频词组-

1. at the thought of一想到… -

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论-

  3. at will 随心所欲-

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有-

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解-

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,-

  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地-

  8. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致-

  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地-

  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据-

  11. on one’s own account -

  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益-

  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责-

  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己-

  12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去-

  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由) -

  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。-

  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。-

  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) -

  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告-

  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。-

  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉-

  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理-

  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于-

  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) -

  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之-

  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外-

  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循-

  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的-

  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; -

  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。-

  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先-

  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地-

  31. have an advantage over 胜过-

  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件-

  have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事-

  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用-

  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意-

  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致-

  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前-

  36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中-

  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的-

  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计-

  39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; -

  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎-

  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到-

  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。 -

  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。-

  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。-

  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for -

  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉-

  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力-

  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。-

  48. apply to 与…有关;适用-

  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成,approve vt. 批准-

  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。-

  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… -

  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); -

  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻-

  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。-

  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结-

  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… -

  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料-

  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法-

  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果-

  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均-

  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。-

  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面-

  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。-

  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台-

  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃-

  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话) -

  67. be based on / upon 基于-

  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上-

  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢-

  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语) -

  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义-

  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。-

  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。-

  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) -

  75. for the better 好转-

  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。-

  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生-

  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上-

  79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) -

  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机-

  81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘-

  82. out of breath 喘不过气来-

  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之-

  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的-

  85. take the floor 起立发言-

  86. on business 出差办事。-

  87. be busy with sth。于某事。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事-

  88. last but one 倒数第二。-

  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设-

  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买-

  91. be capable of 能够, 有能力-

  be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的-

  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何-

  93. in case (=for fear that) 万一; -

  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一-

  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言-

  95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) -

  96. be cautious of 谨防-

  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上-

  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。-

  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地-

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然–

三、完形填空重要词组

1.With the help of 在~~帮助下under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

2.be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

3. at present=at the present time 目前for the present 暂时

4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下under the sun 在世界上

5. lie in 位于~~之内lie on 同~~接壤lie to 位于~~之外

6. at least 至少in the least 丝毫,一点

7. by name 名叫in the name of 以~~名义

8. in the air 空中,在流传on the air 播出

9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上get one’s own way to do 随心所欲give way 让步,屈服lose one’s way 迷路by the way 顺便说一下on one’s way to 在去~~的路上Come this way 这边走

10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角)in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断12. at the end (of) 在~~结束时at the beginning of 在~~开始时at the back of 在~~背后,支持at the age of ~~岁时at the foot of 在~~脚下at the bottom of 在~~底部at the top of 在~~顶上at/on the edge of 在~~边上

13. in the course of 在~~过程中in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使in the middle of 在~中间in the end =at last=finally 最后

14. on the eve of 在~~前夕on the side of 在~~一边

15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

16. behind time 迟到,过期behind the times 落在时代后面

17. at no time 决不in no time 立即,马上

18. at one time = once time 曾经at a time = each time 每次at times = sometimes 有时at all times 经常,一直,始终at the same time 同时at the time 在~~的时候by the time 到~~的时候

19. for a moment 一会儿for the moment 暂时at the moment 当时

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

20. once or twice 一两次more than once 不止一次once more 重新,又once upon a time 从前once in a while 偶尔

1. 以break为中心的词组

break away from 脱离,逃离break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚break in 闯进,打断;使顺服break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚break the law 违反法律break the record 破记录break one’s promise 失言break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

2. 以catch为中心的词组

be caught doing 被发现做某事be caught in the rain 淋雨catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车catch a cold 伤风,感冒catch one’s word 听懂某人的话catch sight of 发现,瞥见catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

3. 以come为中心的词组come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击come back 回来;恢复,复原come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成come into power 开始执政,当权,当选come into use 开始使用,获得应用come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出come to know 开始了解到come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于come to an end 终止,结束come true 实现,成为现实;证实come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭be done with 完全结束do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于do its work 有效,有作用do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错do one’s best 尽某人最大努力do one’s homework 做作业

do one’s utmost 尽力而为do proud 足以使~~骄傲do sb. justice 公平对待某人do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理do without 不需要,不用do wonders 创造奇迹have much to do with 和~~很有关系have nothing to do with 与~~无关have something to do with 和~~有关in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下That will do. 行了;够了

5. 以get为中心的词组

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传get above oneself 自视高傲get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解get ahead of 胜过,超过get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击have got to do 不得不,必须get away 离开,逃脱get back 取回,回来;报复get behind 落后;识破get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁get down to 认真对待,静下心来get familiar with 熟悉get hold of 获得,取得get home 到家get in 进入,陷入;牵涉get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成get ready for 为~~作准备get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱get through 到达,完成,通过;及格get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织get used to 习惯于

6. 以give为中心的词组

be given to 沉溺于,癖好give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就

give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发give back 归还give cause 给予~~的理由give ear to 侧耳倾听give forth 发出,放出;发表give in 屈服,让步,投降give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步give off 发出(烟,气味)give oneself out to be/as 自称为give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首give out 分发,公布give place to 让位于,被~~所替代give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生give sb. to understand 通知某人give up 放弃;停止give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以look为中心的词组

look about 四下环顾;查看look after 照顾,看管look around 东张西望look at 注视,着眼于look back 回顾look for 寻找;期待,期望look down on 俯视;轻视look forward to 盼望,期待look into 窥视;调查;浏览look like 看起来象look on 旁观;面向look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防look over 从上面看过去;检查look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make为中心的词组

be made from 由~~原料制成be made of 由~~材料制成be made up of 由~~组成make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗make a mistake 弄错make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持make advantages/use of 使用,利用make after 追求,追赶make believe 假装make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于make friends with 和~~交友make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为make much of 重视;理解;赏识make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事make one’s own 当作自己的看待make oneself at home 随便,别拘束make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱make way for 为~~让路,让路于on the make 急求成功;增加

9. 以put为中心的词组

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉put back 把~~放回原处;驳回put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞put on 上演;穿上,带上put up with 忍受,容忍put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

10. 以take为中心的词组

be taken aback 吃惊take a seat 就坐take a shower 淋浴,洗澡take aim 瞄准,设立目标take away 拿走,减去;夺去take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜take one’s place 就坐,入坐take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责take office 就职,上任take ~~ for 把~当作take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱take one’s temperature 量体温take part in 参与,参加take it easy 别着急,慢慢来take place = happen 发生,举行take the place of 代替take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

11. 以turn为中心的词组

give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的take one’s turn to do 轮到做turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度turn back 折回,往回走turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑turn into 走进;变成,变为turn to ~~for help 求助于turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策turn to 变成;着手于turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

四、其他常用

1.be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial

2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance

3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight

4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight

5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire

6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night

7. out of breath / control / question / sight

8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/

general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight

9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle

10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale

11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight

12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work /

night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large

13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact

14. above all / measure / normal

15. before all / long / time / now / then

16. after all / class / school

17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/

doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock /

18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence

19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example

20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair

语法句型篇:

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

~~~ the most + 形容词+ 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.

张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词+ than to + V

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)

例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)

例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)

例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...)

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.

使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)

例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.

我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词+ be + 主词+ that + 句子 (如此...以致于...)

例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.

时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)

例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V,

~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V,

~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.

你愈努力,你愈进步。

The more books we read, the more learned we become.

我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.

夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.

过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以...为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境

 与十八大有关的英文

   Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)

  中国人民政治协商会议

  National Committee of the CPPCC

  政协全国委员会

  Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee

  常务委员会

  Subcommittee for Handing Proposals of the CPPCC National Com.

  全国政协提案委员会

  Subcommittee of Economy

  国务院

  STATE COUNCIL

  Premier

  总理

  Vice-Premier

  副总理

  State Councilor

  国务委员

  Secretary-General of the State Council

  国务院秘书长

  Deputy Secretary-General

  副秘书长

  Ministries and Commissions under the State Council

  国务院所属各部门

  Ministry of Foreign Affairs

  外交部

  Ministry of National Defense

  国防部

  State Development Planning Commission

  国家发展计划委员会

  Minister in charge of

  主任

  State Economic and Trade Commission

  国家经济贸易委员会

  Ministry of Education

  教育部

  Ministry of Science & Technology

  科学技术部

  Min. of Science, Technology, & Industry for National Defense

  国防科学技术工业委员会

  State Ethnic Affairs Commission

  国家民族事务委员会

  Ministry of Public Security

  公安部

  Ministry of State Security

  国家安全部

  Ministry of Supervision

  监察部

  Ministry of Civil Affairs

  民政部

  Ministry of Justice

  司法部

  Ministry of Finance

  财政部

  Ministry of Personnel

  人事部

  Ministry of Labor and Social Security

  劳动和社会保障部

  Ministry of Land and Resources

  国土资源部

  Ministry of Construction

  建设部

  Ministry of Railways

  铁道部

  Ministry of Communications

  交通部

  Ministry of Information Industry

  信息产业部

  Ministry of Water Resource

  水利部

  Ministry of Agriculture

  农业部

  Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation

  对外贸易经济合作部

  Ministry of Culture

  文化部

  Ministry of Health 卫生部State Family Planning Commission

  国家计划生育委员会

  People’s Bank of China

  中国人民银行

  Governor

  行长

  National Audit Office

  审计署

  Auditor-General

  审计长

  Organizations directly under the State Council

  国务院直属机构

  General Administration of Customs

  中华人民共和国海关总署(海关总署)

  State Administration of Taxation

  国家税务总局(税务总局)State Environmental Protection Administration

  国家环境保护总局(环保总局)

  General Administration of Civil Aviation of China

  中国民用航空总局(民航总局)

  State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television

  国家广播电影电视总局(广电总局)

  State General Administration of Sport

  国家体育总局(体育总局)

  National Bureau of Statistics

  国家统计局(统计局)

  State General Administration of Press and Publication

  新闻出版署(中华人民共和国国

  State Forestry Administration

  国家林业局(林业局)

  State Intellectual Property Office

  国家知识产权局(知识产权局)

  National Tourism Administration

  国家旅游局(旅游局)

  State Administration of Religious Affairs

  国家宗教局(宗教局)

  Counselors’Office of the State Council

  国务院参事室(参事室)

  Government Offices Administration of the State Council

  国务院机关事务管理局(国管局)

  Functional Offices of the State Council

  国务院办事机构

  Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院侨务办公室(侨办)

  Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院港澳事务办公室(港澳办)

  Legislative affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院法制办公室(法制办)

  Economic Restructuring Office of the State Council

  国务院经济体制改革办公室

  Research Office of the State Council

  国务院研究室(国研室)

  Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council

  国务院台湾办公室(台办)

  Information Office of the State Council

  国务院新闻办公室(新闻办)

  Units directly under the State Council

  国务院直属事业单位

  Xinhua News Agency

  新华通讯社(新华社)

  Chinese Academy of Sciences

  国科学院(中科院)

  Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

  中国社会科学院(社科院)

  Chinese Academy of engineering

  中国工程院(工程院)

  Development Research Center of the State Council

  国务院发展研究中心(发展研究中心)

  National School of Administration

  中国行政学院(行政学院)

  China Seismological Bureau

  中国地震局(地震局)

  China Meteorological Administration

  中国气象局(气象局)

  China Securities Regulatory Commission

  中国证券监督管理委员会(证监会)

  National Council for Social Security Fund

  全国社会保障基金理事会

  National Natural Science Foundation of China

  国家自然科学基金委员会

  Bureaus under Ministries

  部委管理的国家局

  State Grain Administration

  国家粮食局(粮食局)

  State Tobacco Monopoly Administration

  国家烟草专卖局

  State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

  国家外国专家局(外专局)

  State Oceanic Administration

  国家海洋局(海洋局)

  State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping

  国家测绘局(测绘局)

  State Post Bureau

  国家邮政局(邮政局)

  State Administration of Cultural Heritage

  国家文物局(文物局)

  State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine

  国家中医药管理局(中医药局)

  State Administration of Foreign Exchange

  国家外汇管理局(外汇局)

  State Administration for Safe Production Supervision

  国家安全生产监督局

  State Letters and Complaints Bureau

  国家信访局

  State Archives Administration

  国家档案局

  National Administration for Protection of State Secrets 国家保密局

  全国政协经济委员会

  Subcommittee of Human Resources and Environment

  全国政协人口资源环境委员会

  Subcommittee of Education, Science, Culture, Health and Sports

  全国政协教科文卫体委员会

  Subcommittee of Social and Legal Affairs

  全国政协社会法制委员会

  Subcommittee of Ethnic and Religious Affairs

  全国政协民族宗教委员会

  Subcommittee of Cultural and Historical Data

  全国政协文史资料委员会

  Subcommittee of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan Compatriots

  全国政协港澳台侨委员会

  Subcommittee of Foreign Affairs

  国政协外事委员会

  Local Committees of the CPCCC

  政协地方委员会

  Provincial (autonomous regional, municipal) committee

  省(自治区,直辖市)

  County (city) committee

  县(市)委员会

英语系高手的整理!不想过四六级都难

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)
~~~ the most + 形容词+ 名词+ (that) + 主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)
例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.
海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。
Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.
张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词+ than to + V
例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.
没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)
例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)
例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.
不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)
例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.
全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)
例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.
毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子(...的优点是...)
例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.
使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子~~~ is that + 句子(...的原因是...)
例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.
我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词+ be + 主词+ that + 句子(如此...以致于...)
例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.
时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)
例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}
虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V,
~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~
The + more + Adj + S + V,
~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)
例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.
你愈努力,你愈进步。
The more books we read, the more learned we become.
我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)
例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.
借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)
例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.
听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)
例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.
我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式(该是...的时候了)
例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.
该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)
例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.
违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)
例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.
没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)
例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.
既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子(可想而知的)
It is obvious that + 句子(明显的)
It is apparent that + 句子(显然的)
例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.
可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)
例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.
夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)
例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.
过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。
例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.
自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)
例句:It pays to help others.
帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以...为基础)
例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.
社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)
例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。


还有下面这些是我正在读的一些原版书里的好句子
You can never have too much sky. You can fall asleep and wake up drunk on sky, and sky can keep you safe when you are sad. Here there is too much sadness and not enough sky. Butterflies too are few and so are flowers and most things that are beautiful. Still, we take what we can get and make the best of 。你永远不能拥有太多的天空。你可以在天空下睡去,醒来又沉醉。在你忧伤的时候,天空会给你安慰。可是忧伤太多,天空不够,蝴蝶不够,花儿也不够。大多美好的东西都不够。于是,我们去我们所能,好好的享用。——《芒果街上的小屋》

IT is a truth universally acknowledged, that (a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.)这是一条举世皆知的真理,那就是...(套进去^^)——《傲慢与偏见》

There is no royal road to (science.) ......路上无坦途。——马克思。

有的时候一个很好的单词作用也是非常强大的哦~可以替换以下哈~这些都是传说中的big words~

1. important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important)
2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)
3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people

四级所有完形填空的词组总结

1.in the long run 从长远来看,最后
2.on offer 在出售中
3.choose from... 从...中挑选
4.be curious about... 对...感到好奇
5.confront with... 使面临, 使面对
6.with interest 有兴趣地
7.an average of ... 平均是...
8.at high altitudes 在很高的地方
9.draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意
10.focus on 集中
11.in years to come 在未来的几年内
12.as a matter of fact 实际上
13.adopt a positive approach 采取一种正确的方法
14.wait for 等待
15.pass through 经过, 通过
16.a sequence of 一系列的
17.set apart from 把...区分开
18.take ... for granted 以...为骄傲
19.be aware of/that 注意到
20.translate into 翻译成
21.set in 开始
22.intend to do 想要做
23.looking forward to 期望
24.be built from... 用...去建造
25.a wide variety of 很多的
26.at advanced levels 在高级范围内
27.carry out 完成,实施
28.according to 根据
29.aim to do 指望做某事
30.make sacrifices to do 做出牺牲而做
31.in depth 深入地
32.a series of 一系列,一连串
33.above all 首先,尤其是
34.after all 毕竟,究竟
35.ahead of 在...之前
36.ahead of time 提前
37.all at once 突然,同时
38.all but 几乎;除了...都
39.all of a sudden 突然
40.all over 遍及
41.all over again 再一次,重新
42.all the time 一直,始终
43.all the same 仍然,照样的
44.as regards 关于,至于
45.anything but 根本不
46.as a matter of fact 实际上
47.apart from 除...外(有/无)
48.as a rule 通常,照例
49.as a result(of) 因此,由于
50.as far as ...be concerned 就...而言
51.as far as 远至,到...程度
52.as for 至于,关于
53.as follows 如下
54.as if 好像,仿怫
55.as good as 和...几乎一样
56.as usual 像平常一样,照例
57.as to 至于,关于
58.all right 令人满意的;可以
59.as well 同样,也,还
60.as well as 除...外(也),即...又
61.aside from 除...外(还有)
62.at a loss 茫然,不知所措
63.at a time 一次,每次
64.at all 丝毫(不),一点也不
65.at all costs 不惜一切代价
66.at all events 不管怎样,无论如何
67.at all times 随时,总是
68.at any rate 无论如何,至少
69.at best 充其量,至多
70.at first 最初,起先
71.at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
72.at hand 在手边,在附近
73.at heart 内心里,本质上
74.at home 在家,在国内
75.at intervals 不时,每隔...
76.at large 大多数,未被捕获的
77.at least 至少
78.at last 终于
79.at length 最终,终于
80.at most 至多,不超过
81.at no time 从不,决不
82.by accident 偶然
83.at one time 曾经,一度;同时
84.at present 目前,现在
85.at sb's disposal 任...处理
86.at the cost of 以...为代价
87.at the mercy of 任凭...摆布
88.at the moment 此刻,目前
89.at this rate 照此速度
90.at times 有时,间或
91.back and forth 来回地,反复地
92.back of 在...后面
93.before long 不久以后
94.beside point 离题的,不相干的
95.beyond question 毫无疑问
96.by air 通过航空途径
97.by all means 尽一切办法,务必
98.by and by 不久,迟早
99.by chance 偶然,碰巧
100.by far 最,...得多
101.by hand 用手,用体力
102.by itself 自动地,独自地
103.by means of 用,依靠
104.by mistake 错误地,无意地
105.by no means 决不,并没有
106.by oneself 单独地,独自地
107.by reason of 由于
108.by the way 顺便说说
109.by virtue of 借助,由于
110.by way of 经由,通过...方法
111.due to 由于,因为
112.each other 互相
113.even if/though 即使,虽然
114.ever so 非常,极其
115.every now and then 时而,偶尔
116.every other 每隔一个的
117.except for 除了...外
118.face to face 面对面地
119.far from 远非,远离
120.for ever 永远
121.for good 永久地
122.for the better 好转
123.for the moment 暂时,目前
124.for the present 暂时,目前
125.for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益
126.for the time being 暂时,眼下
127.from time to time 有时,不时
128.hand in hand 手拉手,密切关联
129.head on 迎面地,正面的
130.heart and soul 全心全意地
131.how about ...怎么样
132.in a hurry 匆忙,急于
133.in case of 假如,防备
134.in a moment 立刻,一会儿
135.in a sense 从某种意义上说
136.in a way 在某种程度上
137.in a word 简言之,总之
138.in accordance with 与...一致,按照
139.in addition 另外,加之
140.in addition to 除...之外(还)
141.in advance 预先,事先
142.in all 总共,合计
143.in any case 无论如何
144.in any event 无论如何
145.in brief 简单地说
146.in charge of 负责,总管
147.in common 共用的,共有的
148.in consequence(of) 因此;由于
149.in debt 欠债,欠情
150.in detail 详细地
151.in difficulty 处境困难
152.in effect 实际上,事实上
153.in general 一般来说,大体上
154.in favor of 支持,赞成
155.in front of 面对,在...前
156.in half 成两半
157.in hand 在进行中,待办理
158.in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念
159.in itself 本质上,就其本身而言
160.in line with 与...一致
161.in memory of 纪念
162.in no case 决不
163.in no time 立即,马上
164.in no way 决不
165.in order 按顺序,按次序
166.in other words 换句话说
167.in part 部分地
168.in particular 特别,尤其
169.in person 亲自,本人
170.in place 在合适的位置
171.in place of 代替,取代,交换
172.in practice 在实践中,实际上
173.in proportion to 与...成比例
174.in public 公开地,当众
175.in quantity 大量
176.in question 正在谈论的
177.in regard to 关于,至于
178.in relation to 关于,涉及
179.in return 作为报答/回报/交换
180.in return for 作为对...报答
181.in short 简言之,总之
182.in sight 被见到;在望
183.in spite of 尽管
184.in step 齐步,合拍
185.in step with 与...一致/协调
186.in tears 流着泪,在哭着
187.in the course of 在...期间/过程中
188.in the distance 在远处
189.in the end 最后,终于
190.in the event of 如果...发生,万一
191.in the face of 即使;在...面前
192.in the first place 首先
193.in the future 在未来
194.in the least 丝毫,一点
195.in (the)light of 鉴于,由于
196.in the way 挡道
197.in the world 究竟,到底
198.in time 及时
199.in touch 联系,接触
200.in turn 依次,轮流;转而
201.in vain 徒劳,白费力
202.instead of 代替,而不是
203.just now 眼下;刚才
204.little by little 逐渐地
205.lots of 许多
206.many a 许多
207.more or less 或多或少,有点
208.next door 隔壁的,在隔壁
209.no doubt 无疑地
210.no less than 不少于...;不亚于...
211.no longer 不再
212.no more 不再
213.no more than 至多,同...一样不
214.none other than 不是别的,正是
215.on one's guard 警惕,提防
216.nothing but 只有,只不过
217.now and then 时而,偶尔
218.off and on 断断续续,间歇地
219.off duty 下班
220.on a large/small scale 大/小规模地
221.on account of 由于
222.on(an/the) average 平均,通常
223.on behalf of 代表
224.on board 在船(车/飞机)上
225.on business 因公
226.on condition that 如果
227.on duty 上班,值班
228.on earth 究竟,到底
229.on fire 起火着火
230.on foot 步行,
231.on guard 站岗,值班
232.on hand 在场,在手边
233.on occasion(s) 有时,间或
234.on one's own 独立,独自
235.on purpose 故意地
236.on sale 出售,廉价出售
237.on schedule 按时间表,准时
238.on second thoughts 经重新考虑
239.on the contrary 正相反
240.on the grounds of 根据,以...为由
241.on (the) one hand 一方面
242.on the other hand 另一方面
243.on the point of 即将...的时刻
244.on the road 在旅途中
245.on the side 作为兼职/副 业
246.on the spot 在场;马上
247.on the whole 总的来说,大体上
248.on time 准时
249.once again 再一次
250.once(and)for all 一劳永逸地
251.once in a while 偶尔
252.once more 再一次
253.once upon a time 从前
254.one another 相互
255.or else 否则,要不然
256.or so 大约,左右
257.other than 非;除了
258.out of 从...中;由于;缺乏
259.out of breath 喘不过气来
260.out of control 失去控制
261.out of date 过时的
262.out of doors 在户外
263.out of order 出故障的
264.out of place 不适当的
265.out of practice 久不练习,荒疏
266.out of sight 看不见,在视野外
267.out of the question 毫无可能的
268.out of touch 不联系,不接触
269.over and over(again) 一再地,再三地
270.prior at 在...之前
271.quite a few 相当多,不少
272.rather than 不是...(而是)
273.regardless of 不顾,不惜
274.right away 立即,马上
275.side by side 肩并肩,一起
276.so far 迄今为止
277.sooner or later 迟早,早晚
278.step by step 逐步地
279.such as 例如,诸如
280.thanks to 由于,多亏
281.that is (to say) 就是说,即
282.to the point 切中要害,切题
283.under control 处于控制之下
284.under the circumstances 这种情况下
285.up to date 在进行中
286.up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于
287.what if 切合目前情况的
288.what about 怎么样
289.with respect to 如果...将怎么样
290.with regard to 关于,至于
291.without question 关于,至于,
292.with the exception of 除...之外
293.without question 毫无疑问
294.word for word 逐字的

 


2012年英语四级考试重点

一、语法部分考查重点

1、虚拟语气的考点为:

would rather+that从句+一般过去时;

It is vital/necessary/important/urgent/imperative/desirable/advisable/natural/essential+that+(should)动词原形;

proposal/suggestion+that+动词原形;

It is time/about time/high time+that+一般过去时;

lest+that+should+动词原形;

if only+that+would+动词原形。

2、状语从句的考点为:

非if引导的条件状语从句,此类句子多用at times,provided,so long as,in case,once等来替代if;

由even if/so,now that,for all等引导的让步状语从句;

just/hardly...when引导的时间状语从句;more than,as...as,not so much as,the same as,as much as等引导的比较状语从句。

3、独立主格结构多以逻辑主语+分词的形式出现。

4、情态动词多与完成时形式连用。

5、定语从句重点考查介词+关系代词(which)和as作为关系代词。

 二、词汇部分考查重点 

1、动词、名词与介词的搭配如:popular/patient+with;yield/solution/adapt/transfer/access+to;accuse/require+of;charge+for;under+discussion等等。

2、习惯用法如:confess to/set about/be used to+doing;be supposed to/have/make sb.+do等。

3、由同一动词构成的短语如:come,go,set,break等构成的短语。

4、单个的动词,抽象名词,形容词和副词多以近义词、同义词的形式出现。

5、介词短语在句中作状语如:in terms of;with the exception of;in vain等,另外还应注意rather than,other than,such as,none/nothing+but等词在考题中的出现。

三、专四重要词组

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。
2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在
3. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed i n 全神贯注于…近be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主 动地
9. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同….不一致
10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
12. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责3) (=by oneself)依靠自己on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.
13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)
15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)
18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉
21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.
30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
32. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.
37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.
39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.
42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.
44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.
49. apply to 与…有关;适用
50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.
52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以… 为羞耻
55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.
56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结
57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…
58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
59. attitude to toward …对…的态度.看法
60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果
61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.
63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.
65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one ’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃
67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
68. be based on upon 基于
69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
76. for the better 好转
77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.
78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)
81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
83. out of breath 喘不过气来
84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
86. take the floor 起立发言
87. on business 出差办事.
88. be busy with sth.于某事 。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
89. last but one 倒数第二.
90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设
91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
92. be capable of 能够, 有能力be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的
93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何
94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
97. be cautious of 谨防
98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上
99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.
100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地
101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然
102. for a change换换环境(花样等)
103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…
104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管
105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…
107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地
108. comment on 评论
109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论
110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的
111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.
112. compare…with … 把…与…比较
113. compare…to… 把…比作…
114. by comparison 比较起来
115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来
116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补
117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)
118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从
119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想
120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心
121. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关
122. concern oneself about with 关心
123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束时;
124. condemn sb. to 判决
125. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然for all that = although 尽管
126. in out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit not fit) 健康状况好不好. in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态
127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行.
128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖
129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 对…有信心
130. confidence in sb. sth. 对…的信赖
131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的
132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内
133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)
134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with照…办; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to按..做
135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临
136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺
137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,
138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道
139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意
140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果
141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果
142. under consideration 在考虑中
143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于
144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不
145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去
146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的
147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致
148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,
149. consult sb. on about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教
150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快
151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事
152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反
153. on the contrary 相反
154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)
155. in contrast towith 和…形成对比by contrast 对比之下
156. contribute to 有助于
157. under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制
158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点.be convenient to for 对…方便
159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.) 使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…
160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理
161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境
162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信
163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致
164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of 以…为代价
165. a matter of course 理所当然的事
166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地
167. in (during) the course 在…过程中
168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候
169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣
170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的
171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病
172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险
173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止
174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)
175. deal with (=concern) 论及
176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加
178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;
179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐
180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐
181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西
182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时
183. be dependent on 依靠
184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物
185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于
186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望
187. in despair 绝望
188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管
189. in detail 详细地
190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…
193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除
195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪
196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列
197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉
198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议
199. in dispute 在争议中
200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出
201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同
202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压
205. have…to do with 与…有关系
206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地
207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑
208. be due to 是由于
209. come off duty 下班
210. go on duty 上班
211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时
212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做)
213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望
214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱
215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力
216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话
217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力
219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
220. put sb. at his her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束
221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省
222. have an effect on 对…有影响
223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效
224. go into effect 生效. ( 近come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)
225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上
226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效
227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果
228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效
229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…
230. to that effect 是那个意思的…
231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)
232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上
233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲
234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事
235. on end (=continuously) 连续地
236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了
237. no end of (=very manymuch) 很多,大量
238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终
239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽
240. end up with 以…而结束
241. come to and end (=finish) 结束
242. end in 以…为结束
243. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事
244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加
245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
246. enter on upon (=begin) 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)
247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…
248. be equal to 等于
249. be feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地
250. be equipped with 装备有,装有
251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于
252. in essence (=in itsone’s nature) 本质上
253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何
254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样
255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but 连用)
256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时
257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..
258. except (=but) 除了。
259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外
260. (an) exception to …的例外
261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外
262. in excess of (=more than) 超过
263. exchange…for 以…交换
264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括
265. in excuse of 作为…的借口
266. exert…on… 对…施加…
267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲
268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; come into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花;
269. (be) in existence存在come into existence 出现
270. expect…of 在…期望…
271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)
273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….
274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的
275. give expression to 表达, 表现find expression in 表现
276. to …extent 在…程度上
277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其
278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)
279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见
280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中
281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间
282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视
283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里
284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来
285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)
286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向
287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败
288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地

289. keep faith with 对…守信用
290. lose faith in 对…失去信心
291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地
292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚
293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯
294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于
295. familiar with 熟悉,了解
296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要
297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢
298. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用)
299. far from 远远不是
300. far from 非但不…(而且)
301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行
302. after the fashion (of) 依照…
303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵
304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错
305. in favour of 赞成
306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱;
out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠
307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利
308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的
309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心
310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕
311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心
312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养
313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了
314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要
315. fill in 填写
316. fill out ( =fill in )填写
317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就
318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事
319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火
320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见
321. for the first time 第一次(作状语)
322. in the first place 首先, 第一
323. fit into 刚好放入
324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致
325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合
326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上focus sth. on 把…集中在…上
327. be fond of 喜欢
328. (be) in force 有效, 实施
329. go into force 开始生效
330. by force 靠武力, 强行
331. force…on 把…强加给…
332. in the form of 以…形式
333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气
334. free of charge 免费
335. be freed from 免受, 没有…
336. in front of 在…前面in the front of 在…前部
337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供
338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常
339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一 眼(强调动作)
340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好
341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)
342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地
343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 把…认为理所当然的.
344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人
345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…
346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空
347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕(be) on guard 站岗
348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止guard…against 警卫…防止
349. guess at 猜, 估计
350. by guess 靠猜
351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失
352. be in the habit of 习惯于
353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)
354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)
355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯
356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住
357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)
358. by hand 用手工(做)
359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作
360. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住
361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责
362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃
363. at the head of 在…的前头
364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进
365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过
366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上
367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上
368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)
369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地
370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意
371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做
372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday
373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束 ,熟悉
374. be honest in诚实
375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念
376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保
377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有
378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是
379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地
380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同
381. be identified with 被视为与…等同
382. in ignorance of 不知道…
383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道
384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响
385. impose…on 把…强加给
386. impress…on 给…留下印象
387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象
388.under the impression that有..的印象,认为
389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好
390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些
391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转
392. include…in 把…列在…里面
393. inclusive of 把…包括在内
394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的
395. indicative of 表明, 说明
396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎
397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to比… 好
398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉
399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的
400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要
2楼曹红林2008-03-19 08:32 回复 发站内信

401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是…
402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人…
403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证
404. insure…against 保险…以防
405. intend…for 打算把…给
406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决
407. in the interests of 符合…的利益be interested in 对…感兴趣
408. interfere in干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰
409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离
410. intervene in 干预
411. invest in 投资
412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加
413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己
414. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然
415. be jealous of 妒忌
416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受,
417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责
418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低.
419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望
420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视
421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人
422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知
423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上at large(=at full length; with details)详细地
424. lean against (背)靠着…
425. at least 至少; at most 至多
426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不)
427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候
428. lend itselfthemselves to适合于(某用途)
429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地
430. go to any length想一切办法, 尽一切力量
431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)
432. be liable for 对…应负责任的
433. lie in 在于
434. in life 一生中
435. for life 终身
436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据
437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明
438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致
439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到
440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中)
441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后.
442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说)
443. (be) at a loss 不知所措
444.major in 主修(某课程)
445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是
446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切. (=certainly) 当然行;by means of用…; by no means 完全不, 决不
447. on memory of 为纪念…
448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中
449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事
450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下
451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱
452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记
453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起
454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地
455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在for the moment (=for the time being)暂时just a moment 稍等片刻at the last moment 在最后一刻
456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做.
457. no more…than 和…一样都不…
458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说
459. at (the) most 最多, 至多
460. make the most of 充分利用
461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的… be something of 有点…,像…
462. name after 用…的名字命名
463. native to 所产的
464. by nature 天生的, 生来
465. in mature 本质上
466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质
467. none other that 不是别人,正是…
468. above normal 高于正常(温度)
469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费
470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已
471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说…
472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备
473. until further notice 在另行通知前
474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意
475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对
476. objection to (接动名词) 反对
477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时
478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于
479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事)
480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到…
481. once and for all =once and forever永远地all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔(just) for once 就这一次
482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助)
483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术operation n. come go into operation开始运转putbring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转
484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法
485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法
486. be opposed to… 反对…
487. be opposite to 与…相反的
488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障
489. made to order 定做的(衣服)
490. originate infrom(=begin)起源于,由..引起
491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊
492. owe…to 把…归于…
493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独
494. of one’s own某人自己的
495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进
496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力
497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉
498. participate in (=take part in)参加
499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿)
500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其
501. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情
502. be patient with 对…耐心
503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚
504. pay…for 付…的钱
505. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安
506. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的
507. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金
508. perform on the piano(=play the piano) 演奏钢琴
509. persist in 坚持,固执
510. in person 亲自, 当面
511. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方
512. in place of (=instead of) 代替
513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事
514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做
515. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要
516. come to the point 谈主要问题
517. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事
518. to the point 中肯, 切题
519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明
520. popular withamong大众所喜爱的,拥戴
521. in the position of 处在…位置上
522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语)
523. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练
524. bring(put)…into practice使…成为现实
525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢
526. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭prepare breakfast 作早饭
527. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下
528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at present 现在,此刻
529. preside over at 主持(会议,业务等)
530. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜
531. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做
532. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前
533. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪
534. pride oneself on upon 以…自豪
535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上
536. prior to (=before) 在…之前
537. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地in public 公开地
538. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生)
539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行
540. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中
541. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止
542. in proportion to 与…成比例
543. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受
544. be proud of 为…自豪
545. provide for 为…做准备
546. in public 公开地, 当众
547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意
548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的
549. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格be qualified for 在某种职业上合格
550. call…in question 对…表示怀疑
551. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问
552. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的
553. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的;
554. without question 毫无疑问
555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了
556. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地
557. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括
558. range between 范围在..与..之间不等
559. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之
560. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解)
561. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,能拿到
562. react to 对…作出反应
563. react on upon 对…产生影响
564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应
565. (be) ready for 准备好做…
566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上
567. beyond all reason 没有道理的
568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为
569. it stands to reason that …理所当然
570. reason with (=argue) 劝说
571. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字(be) get out of red 不再亏损
572. refer to…as 把…称做…
573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交
574.within reference to(=concerning, about)关于
575. within regard to (=concerning)有关,关于
576. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候
577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of) 不顾,不考虑
578. inwith relation to 关于, 有关
579. relevant to 与…有关的
580. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是
581. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退
582. rely on 依靠, 信赖
583. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论
584. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物
585. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起
586. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中
587. reply to 答复, 回答
588.beyond reproach不受责备的;beyond(all) reason毫无道理;beyond question毫无疑 问;beyond belief以相信;beyond hope绝望
589. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于… resort to force 诉诸于武力
590. inwith respect to (=concerning)有关,关于
591. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效
592. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应
593. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因
594. rest onupon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托
595. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠
596. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不..
597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于..
598. result in (=cause) 导致
599. with the result that 其结果是
600. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for)
601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去
602.be in the right正确的;in the wrong错误的
603. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做)
604. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致
605. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险
606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)的风险
607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate) 排除
608. in safety 安全地
609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of ) 为了…起见
610. be for sale 待售
611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市
612. be satisfied with 满意
613. on a large scale 大规模地
614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule提前; in advance预先;behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间
615. be schedule for 定在某时(进行)
616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过
617. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始
618. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of为…的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持…
619. in season 旺季
620. in secret 秘密地; in private 私下
621. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻; superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差
622. in a sense 在某种意义上
623. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational耸人听闻的
624. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序
625. share in (=have a share in) 分摊, 分担
626. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用
627. be shocked at by 对…感到震惊
628. fall short of 达不到
629. go short of (=be without enough of) 缺乏
630. for short (in a short form) 为简便,简称
631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称
632. in short supply 供应不足
633. be short of (=lacking enough)缺乏,不够
634. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思
635. at the side of 与…相比
636. take the side of 站在…一边
637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见
638. at the sight of 一看见…
639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible) 看得见out of sight 看不见
640. know sb. by sight 与…只面熟
641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地
642. smell of 有…的气味
643. be sorry aboutfor 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的
644. speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话
645. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻
646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管
647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或(=at once) 立即
648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对take a stand for 采取某种立场支持…
649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着
650. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐
651. stick sth. on 把…贴在…上
652. stick to 粘着, 坚持
653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work 坚持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书
654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)坚持; stick to one’s promise 比喻食言stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友
655. in stock 有….货
656. be strict with 对…严格要求
657. bego on strike 罢工
658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到subject (adj.) to 易受到…的
659. submit…to 提交
660. substitute…for 以…代替…
661. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛
662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适…的
663. in sum 大体上, 总之
664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物
665. superior to 优于…, 比…好
666. in support of 以便支持
667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)确信的
668. for sure certain (certainly, definitely) 肯定地.有把握地说
669. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实
670. be surprised at对..惊奇;take…by surprise使…惊奇; to one’s surprise使某人惊奇
671. suspect sb. of 疑心某犯有…
672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心
673. by sympathetic totowards对…同情,赞同
674. sympathize with sb. or sth. 对…表示同情
675. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情
676. taste of 有…味道
677. in good taste大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste
678. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意
679. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出
680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面
681. be on goodbad terms with 关系好(不好)
682. thank sb. for sth. 因…感谢某人
683. think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起
684. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后
685. be through with (=finish with) 做好,完成
686. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经
687. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代
behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点
688. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时
689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时
on time (=punctually) 准时
690. at no time 无论何时也不… in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上
691. at times (=occasionally) 间或, 时常at all times (=always) 始终, 总是
692. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时
693. on top of 在…上面
694. in total (=all have been added up) 总计
695. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触
696. be true of适合于…的;be true to 忠于…
697. to trust …to 把…委托给
698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖
699. in truth 事实上, 实在
700. by turns 轮换地
701. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次
702. be typical of 是…的特点
703. for use 以便使用
704. be in use (=be used)被使用; be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使用
705. be used to+名词或动名词 习惯于used to+动词原形 过去常常(做)
706. be unprepared for 对…无准备的
707. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳
708. be valid for 对…有效的
709. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约
710. with a view to +动名词(=in order to do sth.) 以…为目的
711. in view (=in sight) 看得见
712. in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意思
713. byin virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力量
714. a warning against 告诫…不要a warning of 警告…存在…
715. (be) on the watch for不断监视看有没有..
(be) on the watch against不断监视为防范…
716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍
717. (be)under way (=moving forward)正进行
718. by way of (=by going through) 经由,取道
719. by the way(=in addition)顺带地(转移话题)
720. in no way 无论怎样也不…
721. in the way 对…方式
722. in a way 从某种程度上说
723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说
725. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地
726. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物
727. “with+名词+分词” 构成复合结构,作状语
728. word for word (=literally) 逐字地
729. in a word总之;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; have words with sb.争吵;have the last word有决定权; keep one’s word 遵守诺言
730. work out ideas 出主意;work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;work out a
problem解决问题;work out a puzzle解谜
731. at the thought of一想到…worry about担心
732. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下
733. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从
734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上,

 

四六级十分常用的80个加分搭配

1. 随着经济的繁荣with the booming of the economy 2. 随着人民生活水平的显著提高with the remarkable improvement of people's living standard 3. 先进的科学技术advanced science and technology
4. 为我们日常生活增添了情趣add much spice / flavor to our daily life
5. 人们普遍认为It is commonly believed that…
6. 我同意前者(后者)观点I give my vote to the former / latter opinion.
7. 引起了广泛的公众关注Sth. has aroused wide public concern. / Sth has drawn great public attention.
8. 不可否认It is undeniable that…
9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论a heated discussion / debate
10. 有争议性的问题a controversial issue
11. 就我而言/ 就个人而言As far as I am concerned, / Personally,
12. 有充分的理由支持be supported by sound reasons
13. 双方的论点argument on both sides
14. 发挥日益重要作用play an increasingly important role in…
15. 对…必不可少be indispensable to…
16. 正如谚语所说As the proverb goes:
17. 对…产生有利/不利的影响exert positive / negative effects on…
18. 利远远大于弊The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
19. 导致,引起lead to / give rise to / contribute to / result in
20. 复杂的社会现象a complicated social phenomenon
21. 责任感/ 成就感sense of responsibility / achievement
22. 竞争与合作精神sense of competition and cooperation
23. 开阔眼界widen one's horizon / broaden one's vision
24. 学习知识和技能acquire knowledge and skills
25. 经济/心理负担financial burden / psychological burden
26. 考虑到诸多因素take many factors into consideration
27. 从另一个角度from another perspective
28. 做出共同努力make joint efforts
29. 对…有益be beneficial to / be conducive to…
30. 为社会做贡献make contributions to the society
31. 打下坚实的基础lay a solid foundation for…
32. 综合素质comprehensive quality
33. 致力于/ 投身于be committed / devoted to…
34. 应当承认Admittedly,
35. 不可推卸的义务unshakable duty
36. 满足需求satisfy / meet the needs of...
37. 可靠的信息源a reliable source of information
38. 宝贵的自然资源valuable natural resources
39. 因特网the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)
40. 方便快捷convenient and efficient
41. 在人类生活的方方面面in all aspects of human life
42. 环保的材料environmentally friendly materials
43. 社会进步的体现a symbol of society progress
44. 大大方便了人们的生活Sth has greatly facilitated people's lives.
45. 对这一问题持有不同态度hold different attitudes towards this issue
46. 在一定程度上to some extent
47. 理论和实践相结合integrate theory with practice
48.…必然趋势an irresistible trend of…
49. 日益激烈的社会竞争the increasingly keen social competition
50. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest
51. 长远利益long-tem interest
52.…有其自身的优缺点…has its own merits and demerits / pros and cons
53. 对…有害do harm to / be harmful to / be detrimental to
54. 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息exchange ideas / emotions / information
55. 跟上…的最新发展keep pace with / keep abreast with the latest development of…
56.…的健康发展the healthy development of…
57. 重视attach great importance to…
58. 社会地位social status
59. 把时间和精力放在…上focus one's time and energy on…
60. 扩大知识面expand one's scope of knowledge
61. 身心两方面both physically and mentally
62. 有直接/间接关系be directly / indirectly related to…
63. 导致很多问题give rise to / lead to / spell various problems
64. 可以替代think的词believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion / belief / view that
65. 缓解压力/ 减轻负担relieve stress / burden
66. 优先考虑/发展…give (top) priority to sth.
67. 与…比较compared with…/ in comparison with
68. 可降解的/可分解的材料degradable / decomposable material
69. 代替replace / substitute / take the place of
70. 提供就业机会offer job opportunities
71. 反映了社会进步的mirror the social progress/advance
72. 增进相互了解enhance / promote mutual understanding
73. 充分利用make full use of / take advantage of
74. 承受更大的工作压力suffer from heavier work pressure
75. 保障社会稳定和繁荣guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society
76. 更多地强调put more emphasis on…
77. 适应社会发展adapt oneself to the social development
78. 实现梦想realize one's dream
79. 主要理由列举如下The main / leading reasons are listed as follows:
80. 我们还有很长的路要走We still have a long way to go.

 

 

12月考四级的同学注意啦!!!你就是下一个通过者

1. at the thought of一想到…­

2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论­

3. at will 随心所欲­

4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有­

5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解­

6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,­

7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地­

8. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致­

9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地­

10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据­

11. on one’s own account­

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益­

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责­

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己­

12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去­

13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)­

14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。­

15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。­

16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)­

17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告­

18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。­

19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉­

20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理­

21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于­

22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)­

23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之­

24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外­

25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循­

26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的­

27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;­

28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。­

29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先­

30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地­

31. have an advantage over 胜过­

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件­

have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事­

32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用­

33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意­

34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致­

35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前­

36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中­

37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的­

38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计­

39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;­

all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎­

40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到­

41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。­

42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。­

43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。­

44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for­

45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉­

46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力­

47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。­

48. apply to 与…有关;适用­

49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成,approve vt. 批准­

50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。­

51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…­

52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);­

53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻­

54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。­

55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结­

56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…­

57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料­

58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法­

59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果­

60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均­

61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。­

62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面­

63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。­

64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台­

65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃­

66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)­

67. be based on / upon 基于­

68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上­

69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢­

70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)­

71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义­

72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。­

73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。­

74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)­

75. for the better 好转­

76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。­

77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生­

78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上­

79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)­

80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机­

81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘­

82. out of breath 喘不过气来­

83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之­

84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的­

85. take the floor 起立发言­

86. on business 出差办事。­

87. be busy with sth。于某事。be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事­

88. last but one 倒数第二。­

89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设­

90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买­

91. be capable of 能够, 有能力­

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的­

92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何­

93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;­

94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一­

in the case of 至于…, 就…而言­

95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)­

96. be cautious of 谨防­

97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上­

98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。­

99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地­

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然­

四六级学习计划

一、基础阶段:(916——1016日)
1、背单词买一本单词书每天100个单词把中文意思一定要背过会拼写争取在一个月内把袭击的约4000(5500)个单词全部过一遍有个大体印象顺便从网上下载四六级考试大纲词汇带着看
2、看课本新视野大学生英语每天读两篇把结构比较好的句子画下来多看几遍能背则背语法不需要背如果实在不懂就不用看语法了另外有条件的可以再系统学习学习新概念
3、练听力在基础阶段时不需要练习考试听力可以从网上下载一些VOA的慢速英语因为四六级的听力语速很慢 每天只需要听一篇但是一定要一边听一遍写直到能把英语都写下来无论听多少遍
4、写作写作方面不用下太多功夫背作文框架就可以(模拟试卷或者从网上下载英语作文的框架在一个月前背过就行)

二、强化阶段:(1016——1116日)
1、背单词将单词开始背第二遍这一遍要求记牢无论中文意思还是拼写都要记住每天150个以外还要背一些词组单词永远是最重要的单词量不过关什么也不行
2、看阅读将历年的四六级真题的阅读一篇一篇的看难度并不大自己好好分析对照答案的说明然后做一遍如有不懂可请教他人每天一篇每份真题有两篇仔细阅读一篇快速阅读从2001年到2011年大约一共有82篇只需要把这些文章分析的彻底问题就不大(阅读题,同样可以从网上下载真题)
3、练听力还是以VOA的听力为主每天一篇写下来再对照答案

三、冲刺阶段:(1116——1216日)
1、背单词再将单词从头至尾背一遍直到考试单词至少要背三遍如果学有余力掌握拼写另外将所做的阅读真题里的陌生单词都整理到一张纸上不要写中文意思只写英文然后每天有空拿出来背一背效果显著单词是基础
2、练听力这个阶段一定要开始练习历年真题的听力了每天做一篇即可与背单词相同的是也要将听力文章里出现的陌生单词整理到纸上不标注中文意思找空闲时间、背一背在听听力的时候要训练自己只听一遍不可以一道题听很多遍那样事倍功半在听听力题的最后一个大题复合式听写时听句子时候听主干只写主干一样得分
3、做阅读将做过的阅读在重新看看哪里还有不懂及时解决在做快速阅读时不要先看文章要先看题目从题目去文章中定位做大阅读的方法一样
4、写作四六级的写作可以说就是考议论文议论文就是分三段每一段的句首的作用举重若轻所以背作文框架很重要
5、翻译同样将历年真题一道一道的认真做下来每做完几年的就做一个对比会发现知识点都是重复出现的所以翻译相对简单


另外如果认为背单词太累且记不住还可以尝试这样一种方法从基础阶段就开始做真题在阅读中去背单词将所有不会的单词都记录下来整理到本子上背就可以了但是这种方法并不是很扎实因为既然想考六级了就是想考研了基础还是要打牢比较好(单词背扎实点,别骗自己)

练字必不可少 熟悉考试流程

 

 

 

  一、写作和翻译(含Part 1写作)(占15%),满分为107分,64及格;
二、阅读理解(含Part 2快速阅读理解和Part 4仔细阅读理解)(占35%),满分为248.5分,150及格;
三、听力(含Part 3,包括长、短对话听力理解和短文听力理解与听写)(占35%),满分为248.5分,150及格;
四、综合(含Part 5,Part6,包括综合填空和改错,翻译)(占15%),满分为107分,64及格

总分710

 

四六级区别

 1.词汇量:

四级:4000;六级:5500

 2.文章长度增长

3.增加新题型

Detailed Reading:回答问题和填空

常用短语

1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。  ­

2. be absent from. 缺席,不在  ­

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉  ­

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed in 全神贯注于…  近义:be engrossed ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on  ; be focused on ; be centered on  ­

5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有    6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解  ­

7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,  ­

8. of ones own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,动地  ­

9. in accord with 一致. out of ones accord with .不一致  ­

10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地  ­

11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据  ­

12. on ones own account  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益  2) (=at ones own risk) 自行负责  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己  on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of account ..重要性.  ­

13. takeinto account(=consider)...考虑进去  ­

14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)  ­

15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.  ­

16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.  ­

17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)  ­

18. accuseof(=chargewith; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告  ­

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.  ­

20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially  ) 熟悉  ­

21. act on 奉行,按照行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理  ­

22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于  ­

23. adapt(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)  ­

24. in addition (=besides) 此外, , 加之  ­

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)  ­

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循  ­

27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的  ­

28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;  ­

29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) 的可能,留有的余地.  ­

30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.  ­

31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.  ­

32. have an advantage over 胜过.  have the advantage of 由于处于有利条件  have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事  ­

33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.  ­

34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意  ­

35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致  ­

36. ahead of 之前, 超过;……………. ahead of time 提前.  ­

37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.  ­

38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.  ­

39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计  ­

40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.  ­

41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到  .  ­

42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.  ­

43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 负责.  ­

44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.  ­

45. be anxious about 焦急不安; anxious for  ­

46. apologize to sb. for sth. 道歉  ­

47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力  ­

48. apply to sb. for sth. 申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.  ­

49. apply to 有关;适用  ­

50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准  ­

51. arise from(=be caused by) 引起.  ­

52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…  ­

53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);  ­

54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) …  为羞耻  ­

55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 保证, 使确信.  ­

56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) , ,  ­

57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…  ­

58. attend to (=give ones attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料  ­

59. attitude to toward 的态度.看法  ­

60. attributeto(=to believe sth. to be the result of)..归因于.., 认为....的结果  ­

61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均  ­

62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.  ­

63. at the back of (=behind) 后面  ­

64. in the back of 后部(里面); on the back of 后部(外面); be on ones back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.  ­

65. at ones back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one s back 支持, 作后台  ­

66. turn ones back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃  ­

67. behind ones back 背着某人(说坏话)  ­

68. be based on  upon 基于  ­

69. on the basis of 根据, 基础上  ­

70. beatat 运动项目上打赢  ­

71. begin with 开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)  ­

72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 名义  ­

73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.  ­

74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.  ­

75. for the benefit of 为了的利益(好处)  ­

76. for the better 好转  ­

77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.  ­

78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生  ­

79. blame sb. for sth. 责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 推在某人身上  ­

80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)  ­

81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机  ­

82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘  ­

83. out of breath 喘不过气来  ­

84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之  ­

85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的  ­

86. take the floor 起立发言  ­

87. on business 出差办事.  ­

88. be busy with sth.于某事be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事  ­

89. last but one 倒数第二.  ­

90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设  ­

91. buy sth. formoney 用多少钱买  ­

92. be capable of 能够, 有能力  be capable of being +过去分词是能够被  ­

93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost  , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何  ­

94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;  ­

95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生万一  in the case of 至于, 而言  ­

96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)  ­

97. be cautious of 谨防  ­

98. center ones attention on(=focus ones attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在  ­

99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.  ­

100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地  ­

101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然  ­

102. for a change换换环境(花样等)  ­

103. charge sb. with 控告某人犯有…  ­

104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)  in the charge of   ­

105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)  ­

106. chargefor 索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…  ­

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地  ­

108. comment on 评论  ­

109. commit oneself to 使自己承担commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit ones idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee  把某事交给委员会讨论  ­

110. in common ()有共同之处,共用.  be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的  ­

111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 要好.  ­

112. comparewith 比较  ­

113. compareto比作…  ­

114. by comparison 比较起来  ­

115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 比起来  ­

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate  sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补  ­

117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)  ­

118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从  ­

119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想  ­

120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心  ­

121. be concerned with (=about) 有关  ­

122. concern oneself about  with 关心  ­

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 结束时;  ­

124. condemn sb. to 判决  ­

125. on condition that (=if)为条件, 假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然  for all that = although 尽管  ­

126. in  out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit  not fit) 健康状况好不好. in good (bad) condition处于良好()状态  ­

127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行.  ­

128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about ones secret) 讲真心话, 依赖  ­

129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 有信心  ­

130. confidence in sb.  sth. 的信赖  ­

131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的  ­

132. confineto限制在某范围内  ­

133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)  ­

134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to..  ­

135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临  ­

136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺  ­

137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,  ­

138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道  ­

139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意  ­

140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果  ­

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于的结果  ­

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1.        142. under consideration 在考虑中  ­

143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于  ­

144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不  ­

145.takeinto consideration (=take account of, takeinto account)考虑到, 考虑进去  ­

146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的  ­

147. consist of(=be composed of)组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,一致  ­

148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)一致. be consistent in一贯的  ,  ­

149. consult sb. on about sth. 征求方面的意见, 请教  ­

150. to ones hearts content尽情地,痛痛快快  ­

151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事  ­

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 相反  ­

153. on the contrary 相反  ­

154. contrastwith 相对(对照)  ­

155. in contrast towith 形成对比by contrast 对比之下  ­

156. contribute to 有助于  ­

157. under control ()控制住out of control无法控制  ­

158. at ones convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点.be convenient to  for 方便  ­

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)  使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…  ­

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理  ­

161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round  the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境  ­

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信  ­

163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致  ­

164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of 为代价  ­

165. a matter of course 理所当然的事  ­

166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地  ­

167. in (during) the course 过程中  ­

168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候  ­

169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to ones credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使感到光荣  ­

170be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的  ­

171. cure sb. of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病  ­

172a danger to的危险; be in danger(of)处于危险中; be out of danger脱离危险  ­

173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止  ­

174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始()  ­

175. deal with (=concern) 论及  ­

176. be in debt to sb. 的债  ­

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177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中  in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加  ­

178. to ones delight 令某人感到高兴  to ones regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;  ­

179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐  ­

180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干, 为乐  ­

181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西  ­

182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时  ­

183. be dependent on 依靠  ­

184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物  ­

185. derivefrom(=obtainfrom)取得,来的.derive from(=come from)起源于  ­

186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望  ­

187. in despair 绝望  ­

188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管  ­

189. in detail 详细地  ­

190. deviate from 偏离, 不按  ­

191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食  ­

192. differ fromin 的区别在于…  ­

193. in difficulties有困难,处境困难,  ­

194. discharge sb. (from)for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 解雇, 开除  ­

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;  in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪  ­

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列  ­

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉  ­

198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议  ­

199. in dispute 在争议中  ­

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出  ­

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 截然不同  ­

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别  ­

203. distinguishfrom 区别开  ­

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压  ­

205. haveto do with 有关系  ­

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地  ­

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)表示疑惑  ­

208. be due to 是由于  ­

209. come off duty 下班  ­

210. go on duty 上班  ­

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时  ­

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by ones job or esp. by conscience) 有义务()  ­

213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望  ­

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱  ­

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)..有鉴赏力  ­

216. a word in ones ear 私房话, 秘密话  ­

217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然  ­

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力  ­

219. at (ones) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束  ­

220. put sb. at his  her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束  ­

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省  ­

222. have an effect on 有影响  ­

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效  ­

224. go into effect 生效. ( come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)  ­

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上  ­

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使生效  ­

227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果  ­

228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效  ­

229. to the effect that 大意是,主要内容是…  ­

230. to that effect 是那个意思的…  ­

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)  ­

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在  ­

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲  ­

234. encourage sb. in with sth. 鼓励某人做某事  ­

235. on end (=continuously) 连续地  ­

236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了­